Chief Justice of Pakistan, Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry said any step taken by the armed forces without the direction of the federal government would be considered unconstitutional. Addressing to the participants of National Defence University course, the Chief Justice said that the Supreme Court declared in its July 31 verdict that anybody who would violate the constitution would be considered as traitor. He said that the judges of higher courts have written in their code of conduct that no judge will take oath under PCO.