WASHINGTON  - A prestigious US academic body has joined a growing movement to boycott Israel in protest at its treatment of Palestinians, a move that was deplored by Tel Aviv and American Jewish groups.
Members of the American Studies Association (ASA) voted by a 2-to-1 margin to endorse a boycott resolution, which stems from a broader campaign to isolate Israel that has made little headway in the United States but has gained some traction in Europe.
The ASA resolution was "in solidarity with scholars and students deprived of their academic freedom", the organisation said in a statement. It cited "Israel's violation of international law and UN resolutions; the documented impact of the Israeli occupation on Palestinian scholars and students; [and] the extent to which Israeli institutions of higher education are a party to state policies that violate human rights."
The resolution bans "formal collaborations with Israeli academic institutions or with scholars who are expressly serving as representatives or ambassadors of those institutions ". The vote came amid renewed calls in the aftermath of Nelson Mandela's death for an international boycott drive against Israel similar to the anti-apartheid campaign.
Last week the major Dutch drinking water firm Vitens announced that it was severing commercial links, including joint projects agreed just weeks earlier, with Israel's national water company, Mekorot, in protest at its activities in Israeli settlements in the West Bank. "The company concluded that it would be very difficult to develop joint ventures together, considering the fact that they cannot be seen as divorced from their political context. We follow international law," Vitens said in a statement. At the same time, the UK govt issued an explicit warning to British businesses over the risks of involvement in Israeli settlements in the West Bank, including potential damage to a company's reputation. There were "clear risks related to economic and financial activities in the settlements, and we do not encourage or offer support to such activity," it said. The ASA, which is devoted to the study of American culture and history and has about 5,000 members, put the controversial issue to an online vote that concluded on Sunday. It became the largest U.S. academic group to back an anti-Israel boycott , a movement that Israel and its supporters say unfairly singles out the Jewish state.
The vote, however, is mostly symbolic since the group has no power to compel members or any U.S. institution to abide by it.
"The resolution is in solidarity with scholars and students deprived of their academic freedom and it aspires to enlarge that freedom for all, including Palestinians," the association said in a statement.
It cited "Israel's violation of international law and U.N. resolutions; the documented impact of the Israeli occupation on Palestinian scholars and students; (and) the extent to which Israeli institutions of higher education are a party to state policies that violate human rights."
Ronald Lauder, president of the World Jewish Congress, said, "This vote to boycott Israel, one of the most democratic and academically free nations on the globe, shows the Orwellian anti-Semitism and moral bankruptcy of the American Studies Association."
"The Middle East is literally filled with dead from governments' reaction to the convulsions of the ‘Arab Spring,' but the American Studies Association singles out the Jewish state, the one Middle Eastern country that shares American values, for opprobrium?"
J Street, another American Jewish group, also strongly opposed the resolution, saying "unilaterally placing blame on one party ... is an overly simplistic and unhelpful approach to an incredibly complicated and dynamic political situation."
Out of a total of 1,252 members of the American Studies Association who cast ballots, 66 percent endorsed the resolution and 30.5 percent rejected it, the group said.
The resolution, which backs a recent unanimous vote by the group's national council in favor of the measure, urges U.S. schools not to collaborate with Israeli institutions . But it carries broad exemptions for individual Israeli scholars working with American counterparts.
In May, British cosmologist Stephen Hawking withdrew from a prestigious Israeli conference. Cambridge University said he did so as part of a boycott by some British academics in protest against Israel's occupation of the West Bank, lands the Palestinians want for a future state.
The American Studies Association was the second U.S. scholarly group, after the Association for Asian American Studies in April, to endorse an academic boycott of Israel.
There was no immediate comment from the Obama administration, which is engaged in brokering renewed Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations.