In a private TV channel, an anchorperson interviewed President Hamid Karzai the other day, in which Karzai’s acerbic tone and outpourings were source of pain for the people of Pakistan. Pakistan made tremendous sacrifices during Afghan jihad and war on terror but India was rewarded with contracts for reconstruction and a strategic pact. Throughout his interview, Hamid Karzqai was critical of Pakistan’s establishment, which he clarified, as armed forces and intelligence agencies, adding that he had no complaint whatsoever with the political government and people of Pakistan. He always joined the chorus with the US and NATO in accusing Pakistan of ensconcing Haqqani group and for funding and training terrorists in North Waziristan. To an answer, he admitted that TTP leader Maulvi Faqir Muhammad was in Afghan prison, and Fazlullah and others are in Kunar in Afghanistan. 
It has to be mentioned that President Karzai on one hand accuses Pakistan of providing sanctuaries to militants belonging to Haqqani group, but at the same time turns a blind eye to those who operate from Afghanistan to attack Pakistani check posts and villages bordering Afghanistan and Pakistan. When the interviewer asked the question as to what sort of help he sought from Pakistan for promotion of peace, which it did not provide, he said ‘virtually nothing’.
Pakistan has so far freed 26 mid-level Afghan Taliban leaders on the request of the Afghan government. When Pakistan asked Kabul government to hand over TTP leader Maulvi Faqir Muhammad in Afghan prison, it refused to do so taking the plea that two countries do not have an agreement on exchange of prisoners. Kabul’s refusal to reciprocate the peace and reconciliation efforts initiated by Pakistan authorities is deplorable.
The American movers and shakers must be ruing in their hearts for being so disrespectful to Afghanistan’s ground realities since their invasion and occupation that has now become such an Achilles heel for a respectable end-game for them. They had taken the Taliban lightly, and did not put enough boots on the ground at the time of invading Afghanistan 12 years ago.
President Hamid Karzai has to share the blame for ignoring Pakhtun ethnicity by the occupiers and arrogantly kept the whole of the community as an outcast from the power dispensation. Afghan minorities mainly Tajik were inducted in Afghan army, intelligence, police and administration with Hamid Karzai sitting at the head virtually as a lame duck and mere showpiece. The community of erstwhile kings and king-makers was surely not to take kindly to the raw deal dealt to it. On the top of that, President Karzai , disregarding Pakistan’s security concerns, signed strategic pacts with India and the US.
From King Zahir Shah to President Najibullah, each and every ruler had raised the Pakhtoonistan issue and had rejected the Durand Line. Anyhow, a brief background of the genesis of the Durand Line would be appropriate. After two wars against Afghans, the British and Afghanistan came to the negotiating table. In 1893, both sides agreed to the Durand Line - border between Afghanistan and the then British India. Sir Mortimer Durand, Secretary of British India and Emir of Afghanistan Abdur Rahman had signed the agreement.
In July 1947, a month before the partition and independence of the subcontinent, Afghan government informed the British government that the tribesmen in the tribal areas wanted to dissociate themselves from India – meaning Pakistan but the governor of the NWFP, Sir George Cunningham after touring the tribal areas and meeting the tribal chiefs declared that the people wanted to retain the same ties with the new state of Pakistan, as they had with the British India.
After the establishment of Pakistan in August 1947, Kabul had argued that Pakistan was not a successor state to Britain but a new state that was carved out of British India and as such it could not inherit the rights of an “extinguished person” i.e. British India. It is worth mentioning that in NWFP a referendum was held in July 1947 in which 2,89,244 votes were cast in favour of the NWFP’s union with Pakistan and only 2,874 votes for union with India. In 1949, Loya Jirga of 1949 declared the Durand Line invalid, because British India ceased to exist in 1947 with the independence of Pakistan.
But world courts have universally upheld the binding bilateral agreements with or between colonial powers and are passed down to successor independent states, as was the case with most of Africa. A unilateral declaration by one party, however, was of no consequence and had no effect.
Anyhow, it does not make any difference whether Hamid Karzai recognizes the Durand Line or not, because Pakistan’s armed forces have the capability to thwart any aggression from across the border.