FAISALABAD
The world population has increased 15 percent more than available land and natural resources per person while Pakistan’s population has increased three times and deteriorating the environment and causing new challenges of food and water security amid climate changes, say speakers. 
An international seminar on Integrated Flood Management was arranged by Water Management Research Centre at New Senate Hall. It was chaired by UAF Vice Chancellor Dr Iqrar Ahmad.
The VC said 43 percent population of world was living in urban areas whereas the urbanisation in Asia is also increasing. He said that by 2020, around 50 percent of Asian population will be living in the cities. “We have to take measures to provide water facilities for the people. Masses should be ecucated about the rational use of water. The country is just above the water scarcity limit of 1,000 cubic metres per capita and the next few decades can raise the alarm of further sharp decline if steps are not taken,” he said.
He also called for increasing the water storage capacity. UNESCO Asia and Pacific Regional Science Bureau Deputy Director Dr Shahbaz Khan stressed a need for putting water on top priority. It is prerequisite for developing and implementing the trans-boundary groundwater mechanism.
He said that the water security was one of the major issues for the world. “The glaciers are melting because of the climate changes. The temperature across the globe is going up, resulting it reduction in the glaciers and causing the floods. It is prerequisite to increase the storage capacity to fight floods and save water for the coming generation. Some 193 member countries have placed water issue on the top priority of UNESCO. Water is the matter of the survival for any countries. The shift in the temperature will affect the agricultural productivity in the region. The world population was increasing that will become responsible for the upward rend in the usage of the water,” he said.
WMRC Director Dr Allah Bukhsh said, Water is the most precious thing on the earth. The depleting water resources are leaving the question mark on the survival. We have to sensitise the people about the issue and take the measures to store the water.”
Dr Tadashige Yoshida from Japan and Dr Kazauki Yoshida from Paris highlighted the Integrated Water Resources Management. They said it promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources in order to maximise economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of ecosystems and environment. Dr Tariq from Australia also called for taking steps to tackle the water and environment issues.