India harbours a great turbulence under surface of the calm faade it maintains internationally of a serene, participatory democracy. At home in its increasingly violent interior, the Indian government appears helpless against an intensifying Maoist rebellion. Generous with often feckless advice to Pakistan on how to curb terrorism, India seems to have forgotten its own home affairs that are threatening its internal security to a degree that the Taliban threat to Pakistan would seem slight and secondary in comparison. That 'all is not well, and not quite shining, is apparent from the Indian PMs recent voicing of concern over complexity of the issue in fighting the Maoists. Despite sanguinary nature of the movement, it manages to retain the support of a large section of the tribal communities, and even more worryingly, the poorest of the poor in many affected areas. Then, there is the considerable influence it has among certain influential sections of the civil society and intelligentsia, which poses multiple problems for the government. It highlights, more than anything else, the inadequacy of Indian government and system to bring in harmony all of its people, and especially the marginalized ones, as rampant discrimination among classes becomes more pronounced. India has failed terribly in addressing the most important issue that has dogged it through out its existence of the last sixty years; alleviation of grassroots poverty. The rebellions gained momentum across 20 out of 28 states is a proof positive of that failure. India is under no obvious threat from across the borders on either side. But an entirely indigenous tumult in a section of its own population has become the biggest homegrown threat to Indias internal security. A series of deadly attacks upon security agencies and government representatives, blowing up of buses and state possessions worth millions of rupees and brutal killings of hundreds of people this year show these rebels have defeated the Indian government. According to reports, pressure is mounting upon Dr Manmohan Singh to send in the military to quell the growing Maoist insurgency in central India. New Delhi is faced with the dilemma of having to use the arsenal of sophisticated weapons it had amassed over the years against its own people instead of the foreign enemies that it saw all over the region and beyond. Maybe India needs to restructure its security doctrines to define the enemy anew. -LUBNA UMAR, Islamabad, May 19.