ISLAMABAD - National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (Nepra) has announced integrated multi-year tariff of K-Electric Limited (KE) for the period of seven years (2016-2023) and reduced its base tariff by Rs3.50 from existing Rs15.57 to Rs12.07 per unit.
The determined tariff is structured to be balanced, transparent and in the interest of the consumers as well as KE, said a notification issued here on Monday. The authority has rebased the tariff and reduced it from existing tariff of Rs15.57kW/h to Rs12.07kW/h against the claim of KE for Rs16.23kW/h. The authority also did not cede to the request of KE to allow tariff for ten years and decided that seven years is a reasonable allowed tariff period to provide certainty to the utility to raise debt and invest.
To ensure transparency and objectivity and keeping in mind the comments of the interveners and commentators, tariff and cost has been segmented into three components of generation, distribution and transmission. In this regard, KE has been made bound to invest an amount of Rs237.6 billion; generation (Rs48.1billion), distribution (Rs69.4 billion), transmission (Rs115.7 billion) and others (Rs4.2 billion) over the control period of seven years. KE has been further made accountable and be subject to a midterm review to ensure that proposed investments have been carried out.
Similarly, T&D target losses have been reduced and target for FY 2016-17 have been fixed at 20.40 percent. The consumers have been given immediate benefit of reduction of 9.6 percent losses from 30 percent already built in the existing tariff. Further the consumer end tariff will now be adjusted with the yearly targeted T&D losses in accordance with provisions and adjustment mechanism framework provided in the determination. At the same time, the authority being mindful of the interest of the KE has ensured a reasonable return to KE on its existing asset base as well as adequate cash flows to carry out the proposed investments.
The authority has disallowed KE from collecting bank collection charges from the consumers through monthly billing and has also directed the KE to pay interest on security deposits to the consumers through their bills. Moreover, KE has been restrained from charging meter rent from all the consumers whether existing or new.
KE is also directed to start billing immediately on TOU rates to consumers having installed TOU meters. Further TOU meters should be provided to all existing consumers having sanctioned load of 5kW and more by December 31, 2017. In future, new consumers having the said sanctioned load of 5kW or more, the said meter shall be provided with TOU metering facility.
The new connection charges shall be determined by the authority in separate proceedings and till then KE is directed to ensure that new connection charges levied to the prospective consumers are comparable with the other DISCOs.
KE is the only vertically integrated utility in Pakistan and is principally engaged in the generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy to over 2.4 million consumers. The authority allowed a multi-year tariff to KE in 2002. After privatisation of KE in 2005, multi-year tariff was set to expire in 2012. Consequently, on signing of amended implementation agreement by new management of KE with Ministry of Water and Power, KE filed a tariff petition in 2009 for certain amendments in tariff. While deciding on the proposed amendments, the authority extended the multi-year tariff to next seven years till June 2016 in line with the tariff control period provided in the amended implementation agreement.
After expiry of abovementioned tariff, KE submitted a petition on 31 March, 2016 for an integrated multi-year tariff for a period of ten years. In its petition, KE requested the authority to continue the existing multi-year tariff till 2026 with the increase of Rs0.66/kWh in respect of its O&M costs.
After taking into account the extensive input and feedback received from interveners and commentators and conducting public hearings, the authority approved the tariff determination for seven years (2016-2023).
The authority observed in the tariff determination that previously multi-year tariff awarded to KE was a performance based tariff. KE was not allowed a pre-determined fixed return on its existing and future investments unlike the tariff allowed under cost plus regime. KE was required to earn profit by bringing in efficiency through investment from its own resources in its generation, transmission and distribution system. For this reason KE was guaranteed that no downward revision would be made till expiry of the control period of tariff. Previous tariff was awarded to KE, in view of circumstances prevailing at that time ie inefficient generation plants, T&D losses hovering at a level of round 40 percent etc. Therefore, KE was allowed a number of incentives for optimisation through its own investment.
The authority observed that previously KE was given targets for T&D losses based on the premise that KE will make investments in its transmission and distribution business to reduce losses. However, KE focused it investment in its generation business and lack of investment in the transmission and distribution resulted in deterioration of the system over the time, consequently increasing the technical losses. Considering the change in ground realities, the authority deemed it appropriate to reassess the tariff based on heat rate, T&D losses and investment to make it more cost reflective so that neither the utility nor the consumers bear any unnecessary burden. To this end each generation facility has been assessed individually in terms of heat rate and auxiliary consumption instead of cumulative assessment of the entire generation fleet. In case of new generation facility is added, benefit of its efficiency in form of relief will be shared with the consumers.
For this reason among others, the authority has decided not to continue the existing multi-year tariff rather to rebase the same by taking into account the efficiencies achieved by KE over time and at the same time allowing KE a reasonable return on its existing and future proposed investments.
Further, the authority has provided an in-built protection mechanism to ensure that excess profits over the regulatory benchmarks are shared with consumers. This excessive profit sharing has been ensured through a profit claw back mechanism. Previously excessive profits could not be shared with consumers owing to litigation in courts with respect to claw back mechanism. In this regard, a new mechanism has been devised which will ensure excessive profit sharing with the consumers in an effective manner.
The authority also observed that KE was required to reduce the provision for doubtful debts and achieve 100 percent recovery target which unfortunately has not been the case. Therefore, allowing any further cushion in the tariff for the inefficiencies of KE in terms of under recoveries would not be fair with the consumers. Thus, the authority has decided that KE will not be allowed any provision for the doubtful debts and like other DISCOs only actual bad debts written off by KE has been allowed.
The authority has also turned down the request of KE for allowing force majeure and compensation for late payments by the government entities and tariff differential claims by the federal government. KE had claimed that these may be allowed to be passed on to the consumers. The authority while refusing this request has observed that these matters may be settled between the government and KE rather than being passed on to the consumers in the tariff.
The tariff determination takes into account the interests of the consumers and a deliberate effort has been made by the authority to resolve all the outstanding issues without compromising the ability of KE to provide service in its territory in accordance with the performance standards set forth in the Nepra Act, 1997, rules and regulations.
The federal government base rate for the entire country is Rs11.45 per unit therefore it was paying Rs48 billion in subsidies for the K-Electric consumers. The decision will help the federal government save the subsidy.