LAHORE - Pakistan is behind Afghanistan in lifetime births per woman in South Asia, reveals Family Planning Worldwide 2013 Data Sheet prepared by US Agency for International Development and distributed by IDEA-Informing Decisionmakers To Act.
In Pakistan, every woman gives 3.8 births in her lifetime, which is second highest in the region only behind Afghanistan (5.4). Iran has the lowest lifetime births per woman (1.9), followed by Sri Lanka (2.1), Maldives and Bangladesh (2.3 each), India (2.4), Bhutan and Nepal (2.6 each).
Iran is the only country in South Asia where no woman gave birth to a child before reaching 18 years of age. Only one percent of the women in Maldives gave birth to a child before her 18th birthday, 04 percent in Sri Lanka, 10 percent in Pakistan and Bhutan, 19 percent in Nepal, 22 percent in India, 26 percent in Afghanistan and 40 percent in Bangladesh.
Lifetime risk of maternal death is also highest in Afghanistan (one out of 32) followed by Pakistan (one out of 110). Lifetime risk of maternal death in lowest in Iran (one in 2400), Sri Lanka (one in 1200), Maldives (one in 870), Bhutan (one in 210), Nepal (one in 190), India and Bangladesh (one in 170).
Married women in Afghanistan are least interested in using any family planning method to avoid unwanted pregnancy and it is opposite in Iran. Only 21.2 percent married women in Afghanistan use any method of family planning in Afghanistan, 34.7 percent in Maldives, 35.4 percent in Pakistan, 49.7 percent in Nepal, 54.8 percent in India, 61.2 percent in Bangladesh, 65.6 percent in Bhutan, 68.4 percent in Sri Lanka and 73.3 percent in Iran. Use of modern family planning techniques such as long acting reversible, permanent method, injections is highest among married women in Bhutan and lowest in Afghanistan. Only 19.5 percent women in Afghanistan use modern methods of family planning, 26.1 percent in Pakistan, 27 percent in Maldives, 43.2 percent in Nepal, 48.2 percent in India, 52.1 percent in Bangladesh, 52.5 percent in Sri Lanka, 58.9 percent in Iran and 65.4 percent in Bhutan.
Use of traditional methods such as periodic abstinence and withdrawal is highest in Sri Lanka and lowest in Bhutan. Only 0.2 percent married women in Bhutan use traditional methods of family planning, 1.8 percent in Afghanistan, 6.4 percent in India, 6.5 percent in Nepal, 7.8 percent in Maldives, 9.2 percent in Bangladesh, 9.3 percent in Pakistan, 14.3 percent in Iran and 15.9 percent in Sri Lanka.
Use of contraceptive measures increase with the increase of financial resources of a women in Afghanistan, India, Nepal and Pakistan, decrease with the increase of wealth in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives and Sri Lanka but it makes no difference in Iran.
Fourteen percent of the married women using contraceptive measures in Afghanistan are poor, 18 percent from middle income group and 33 percent from rich. In Pakistan, 12 percent poor, 22 percent middle class and 32 percent rich. In India (34 percent poor, 48 percent middle class and 56 percent rich) and Nepal (36 percent poor, 43 percent middle class and 49 percent rich).
In Bangladesh (53 percent poor, 52 percent middle income group and 51 percent rich), Bhutan (69 percent poor, 65 percent middle class and 62 percent rich), Maldives (29 percent poor, 27 percent middle class and 26 percent rich) and sri Lanka (64 percent poor, 55 percent middle class and 42 percent rich).