'Carving out sovereign Muslim State that suffered injustices'
Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, in a broadcast from the Lahore Station of the Pakistan Broadcasting Service on October 30, 1947 at 8:30 pm, gave the following message to the people of Pakistan:
A few days ago, I received harrowing accounts of the terrible happenings in the Punjab and the situation from all accounts appeared to be so grave that I decided to come to Lahore. On my arrival here I immediately got in touch with various sources that were available to me and I was deeply grieved to realise that unfortunately, there was a great deal of truth in what had been told to me. I am speaking to you under deep distress and with a heavy heart. We have, undoubtedly, achieved Pakistan and that too without bloody war and practically peacefully by moral and intellectual force and with the power of pen which is no less mighty than the sword and so our righteous cause has triumphed. Are we now going to besmear and tarnish this greatest achievement for which there is no parallel in the whole history of the world by resorting to frenzy, savagery and butchery? And will this lead us anywhere? Pakistan is now a fait accompli and it can never be undone, besides, it was the only just, honourable and practical solution of the most complex constitutional problem of this great sub-continent.
Boundary Commission Award Unjust and Perverse
The division of India is now finally and irrevocably affected. No doubt, we feel that the carving out of this great independent sovereign Muslim State has suffered injustices. We have been squeezed in as much as it was possible and the latest blow that we have received was the Award of the Boundary Commission. It is an unjust, incomprehensible and even perverse Award. It may be wrong, unjust and perverse, and it may not be a judicial but political Award, but we had agreed to abide by it and it is binding upon us. As honourable people we must abide by it. It may be our misfortune but we must bear up this one more blow with fortitude, courage and hope.
Let us now plan to build and reconstruct and regenerate our great nation and our sovereign State of Pakistan which, you know, is not only the biggest Muslim State in the world but the fifth biggest sovereign State in the world.
Now is the time, chance and opportunity for every Mussalman to make his or her fullest and best contribution and make the greatest sacrifice and work ceaselessly and selflessly in the service of our nation and make Pakistan one of the greatest nations of the world.
It is in your hands, we have undoubtedly talents, Pakistan is blessed with enormous resources and potentialities. Providence has endowed us with all the wealth of nature and now it lies with man to make the best of it.
It is agreed on all hands that peace should be restored without delay and that law and order must be established and maintained at any cost.
Now it is up to the leaders and the rank and file of the communities to leave no stone unturned in fulfilling the sacred and honourable undertaking that was given at the Special Conference on August 29 to protect the minorities and work in every way for the welfare and safety of the refugees.
The Lahore Conference of August 29 has further laid down categorically certain ways and means to be adopted to implement its decisions and such further measures will be taken which have the solemn, firm and determined sanction of the Pakistan and the Dominion of India Governments.
Henceforth they will be naturally responsible as the Punjab Boundary Force, which was limited only to certain areas, could not deal with the entire Punjab - both West and East - especially now as the rural areas have also been affected and, therefore, it has been abolished.
These decisions and measures adopted by the Special Conference should reassure the people of all communities that both the Pakistan and India Governments are determined to put down ruthlessly these orgies and their far-reaching consequences.
But it requires both the communities concerned to realise the folly and futility of indulging in this savagery which has already taken a colossal toll of human life and especially of the innocent ones and has displaced hundreds of thousands of innocent people, rendered them homeless and delivered them to starvation, and the misery of wandering about in the country-side for their lives, besides resulting in the destruction of property on an extensive scale.
This is not the moment for me to go into the origin or cause of all that is happening or to apportion blame as to which community has disgraced itself more. It will be for the historians to give their verdict.
Humanity cries loud against this shameful conduct and the deeds that have been committed. Those who are responsible for this holocaust must be dealt with an iron hand and put down ruthlessly.
The civilised world is looking upon these doings and happenings with horror and the fair name of the communities concerned stands blackened in the eyes of the world. It is now up to the leaders and those responsible and in charge of the Governments to make their supreme effort to make amends for this indelible stigma. While the horizon is beset with dark clouds, let me appeal to you and give this message to the people of Pakistan: Create enthusiasm and spirit and go forward with your task with courage and hope and we shall do it.
Are we down-hearted? Certainly not. The history of Islam is replete with instances of valour, grit and determination. So march on notwithstanding obstructions, obstacles and interference, and I feel confident that a united nation of 70 million people with a grim determination and with a great civilisation and history need fear nothing.
It is now up to you to work, work and work and we are bound to succeed: And never forget our motto, unity, discipline and faith.
I have so far spoken to you in English as you know that the eyes of the world are upon Pakistan and we are watched by the various nations of the world with the keenest interest since the establishment of Pakistan as an independent sovereign state which has been a great and historical event.
I, therefore, used the medium of English so as to be able to reach the world-wide audience, which has exhibited great interest in Pakistan.
The text of my broadcast will be translated in Urdu and read to you in a few minutes time as well as published in the Press tomorrow, but, nevertheless, I would also like to say a few words in Urdu....