Twenty-five governments have come together to to make the world’s largest marine reserve. The Ross Sea marine reserve, which covers 600,000 square miles of the Southern Ocean off coast of the Antarctic, will be protected from commercial fishing for the next 35 years. Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, an international consortium of governments, approved it unanimously. At nearly twice the size of Texas, the area is home to over 10,000 species of flora and fauna, including penguins, seals, whales, seabirds, and fish. But Ross Sea is also important for the valuable role it plays in research on the impact of climate change on marine ecosystems. Secretary of State John Kerry celebrated the park as “one of the last unspoiled ocean wilderness areas on the planet,” and a sign of “further proof that the world is finally beginning to understand the urgency of the threats facing our planet.”

Courtesy REUTERS

Can't get you out of my head: why some tunes are catchier than others

Scientists have finally discovered the secret to making a tune so catchy it gets stuck inside the head for hours. Irritating loops of music which lodge in the brain are dubbed ‘earworms’ and researchers have discovered they follow certain patterns. After asking 3,000 people to rate which pop songs were the most catchy, they found that those which stick in the mind contain musical phrases which follow the patterns of nursery rhymes. The catchiest pieces of music also had a faster tempo and unusual or unexpected intervals in the rhythm. Dr Kelly Jakubowski, of Durham University said: "Our findings show that you can to some extent predict which songs are going to get stuck in people's heads based on the song's melodic content. Overall, Lady Gaga’s 'Bad Romance' was found to be most catchy tune, followed by ‘Can’t Get You Outta My Head’ by Kylie Minogue and Journey’s 'Don’t Stop Believin''. Tips to get rid of an irritating song include playing it all the way through, listening to another tune like the national anthem to force it out of your mind or simply allowing it to fade away on its own.

Courtesy Telegraph

Published in Young Nation magazine on November 12, 2016