At the end of the Commonwealth Heads of Government (CHOG) Summit in Perth, Australia, Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani not only supported the extension of the tenure of Commonwealth Secretary-General Kamlesh Sharma of India, but actually seconded the Indian proposal. Mr Gilani thus may have pleased a foreign audience, but this gesture of friendship not only failed to bring closer any solution to the Kashmir issue, which is the core issue between the two countries, but also to change Indian attitudes towards Pakistan, leaving them as hegemonic as they ever were. This gesture was supposed to reciprocate recent Indian gestures, which include a promise to withdraw (though so far not the actual withdrawal) its appeal against the European Unions relaxation of trade restrictions against Pakistani products and its extension of support for Pakistans membership of the United Nations Security Council. Indias appeal to the World Trade Organisation was as sure of rejection as any attempt to prevent Pakistans membership of the Security Council, to which it was elected, as a result of a rotation agreed well in advance, by a consensus of countries, not by Indian fiat. The real mistake was not to have opposed Mr Sharmas original election as Secretary-General, which took place four years ago, when Shaukat Aziz was Prime Minister, but Gen Pervez Musharraf as President was running things. Unless a Secretary-General has blotted his copybook, a second term is almost inevitable. Still, that might be a reason for not being strenuous in opposition, though not for actually seconding a proposal that can only militate against Pakistans interests, which is not just attacking through its refusal to resolve the Kashmir issue, but also through the building of illegal works in violation of the Indus Waters Treaty. The latest development is disturbing more because it shows Pakistani leadership's warped judgement, but also because Mr Sharmas re-election could have been stopped short of a major diplomatic campaign by Pakistan, which should have been undertaken long before the summit. The summit was not used by Pakistan as it should have, to show Indian duplicity over Kashmir, even though the UK, which has a special position in the CHOG Summit, as the former colonial power, had a major role in creating the problem, and has a special responsibility for its just solution, giving the Kashmiri people their right of self-determination, as expressed in a UN-supervised plebiscite.