OUR STAFF REPORTER MALAKWAL - The Pakistan Railways Malakwal junction is in a shambles though the city has been a hub of social, cultural and financial activities in till 1990. Then, the PR used to run steam engines on Malakwal-Khewra, Malakwal-Khushab and Malakwal-Ghareebwal sections and a number of foreign tourists would visit the city to see its natural beauty. It was a centre of Railways workers because of the presence of a loco shed for the overhauling and maintenance of locomotive engines. Now, it has turned into a ghost villa as the locomotive engines are not in use anymore. Gradually, the act not only reduced the number of workers but also took away the hustle and bustle and financial activities of the region. A huge number of villagers would travel to the city to buy commodities everyday. Dozens of trains would move from the junction to Khewra, Khoshab, Ghareebwal, Sargodha and Lalamusa. Now, the number of trains has reduced to half on these tracks and the remaining ones run off and on only on Malakwal-Sargodha and Malakwal-Lalamusa tracks and other sections have been closed by the present government four months ago. The closures have hampered social and economic interaction among the people living in the adjoining areas of the salt range and the city as there is no other option available for them due to non-availability of a bridge over the river Jhelum near Chak Nizam for traffic. 'Govt must take steps to halt violence against women: Forced marriages, sexual assaults and domestic violence are some of flagrant violations of human rights, committed on women. It was expressed by International Peace Bureau President Ingeborg Breins and working at University of Gujrat (UoG) as HEC foreign faculty member. She was addressing a seminar on International Day for Elimination of Violence against Women, jointly organised by UoG Departments of Psychology, Sociology and Population Sciences. Ingeborg Breins said that basic rights were denied to women around the world but it was practiced more glaringly in Pakistan. The government must take more initiative at every level to counter this horrible state of violence against women, she added. Faculty of Social Sciences Associate Director Dr Fauzia Maqsood initiated the proceedings by introducing the guests and speakers and telling the audience brief history of the day. QEC Director Dr Tahir Aqeel was the Chief Guest. The other speakers included Dr Afshan Amin (population sciences), Humaira Murtaza (Psychology), Sameera Shafiq (Psychology) Rizwana Yousaf, Tipu Sultan and Nasim Ahmad (Sociology). Faculty and students enthusiastically participated the seminar. The speakers highlighted the prevalence of violence against women globally & with specific reference to Pakistani society. They discussed different factors that contribute to violence against women and also suggested ways and means to bring an end to the violence against women. They also proposed to create awareness among the masses about the issue. Chief Guest Tahir Aqeel gave the concluding remarks. The students and faculty members unanimously passed a resolution by raising their hands that they will make their contributions to put an end to violence against women.