Many debate on the dynamics related to radicalization of the Pakistani society and especially of the youth of troubled areas are going on and contrary to popular perception, the root cause of militancy and associated crimes does not have any link with the counter insurgency operations. The military presence in the post war areas has been taken as a blessing for the militancy affected people. For them, the military is a source of strength against prospective reemergence of militants.

The factor that leads to youth in the troubled areas joining with the militants is a prolonged socio-economic deprivation. Unemployed, illiterate youth, especially without parental guidance are more vulnerable to fall victim to the militant ideology. De-radicalization programs have been launched by the armed forces simultaneously with rehabilitation and reconstruction work. The government is taking a keen interest in the situation where terrorism is concerned. The Psycho-social rehabilitation plan has been focusing on re-integration of radicalized youth after providing them complete training in social, psychological, physical and spiritual areas. The rationale for adopting such a program was the degree of its success in countries such as Yemen, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Africa etc.

The entire population of the radicalized youth, ranging between fifteen years to twenty, belong to non-militant backgrounds. The rationale behind it is simple; when easily available socio-economically deprived young boys are readily available to meet the needs of these organizations, why put your own flesh and blood into trouble? Development programs, employment opportunities, education and awareness programs have become essential now. The need for such programs to be implemented is greatly felt for reversing the influence of militants in the troubled areas. Since terrorism propagates on ideological basis, the fundamental postulates upon which they operate must be made clear to the people.

AMNA MALIK,

 November 19.