President Obama completed his second official visit to India, following the visit of Chinese President. Collective failure of Pakistan’s foreign and domestic policies, over past forty years where individual and institutional interests prevailed over national interest haunts us. Our failure to tread constitutional path and vision of Quaid-e-Azam is clearly the root cause of all our ills. We need to analyze India’s strength and weakness in order to prepare ourselves to face a more powerful and economically strong neighbour, whose tendency for regional hegemony is becoming more pronounced.

Biggest internal threat to India lies in the rise of Hindu Fundamentalism, insurgencies it faces, its poverty, whilst its strength is uninterrupted constitutional rule, economic growth, technological self reliance, a good Tax to GDP ratio and strong judiciary. India survived its diversity by fiscal discipline, corporate regulatory controls, investing in education and institution building. The best step that India adopted was to revoke all land holdings acquired by those who had conspired with colonial power, restructured its civil bureaucracy and uniformed forces to serve as servants to its own people, unlike Pakistan where we serve foreign masters.

While corruption has not been eradicated, its independent Internal Revenue System (IRS), police and judiciary have succeeded in maintaining decorum, curtailing flight of capital and human resources with rule of law. Its diplomatic corps have managed to succeed, where Pakistan has failed, because Indian Constitution forbids ‘Conflict of Interest,’ by banning any public office holder to hold dual nationality or own assets abroad. It has good ties with Iran, Afghanistan, Israel and most Arab countries, as well as USA and Soviet Union, while managing smooth relations with China.

MALIK TARIQ ALI,

Lahore, January 27.