KARACHI - Food Emergency Ration (FER) bars, made by Karachi University (KU), can serve 2 million Internally Displaced People (IDPs) of Swat and other areas. The government of Pakistan in collaboration with international community is spending millions of rupees to provide IDPs with food and nutrition. On contrary to that FER bar, containing about 520 energy (cal), can be made and served on considerably low budget. The Department of Food Science and Technology, KU, has formulated the highly nutritious FER bars under the supervision of Associate Prof Dr Abid Hussnain for refugees, especially people affected by war and natural disasters. Talking to The Nation, Associate Prof Dr Abid Hussnain on Monday said that there was no sophisticated technology involved in formulation of such highly nutritious food emergency ration, as local companies could formulate such bars by using simple and cheap methods and indigenous resources. He said that FER product was specially formulated to cope with emergency rising after wars, natural disasters and famines in context of providing food to affected people. The said useful food product, comprising on wheat, rice, soybeans, fats and sugar, was formulated by the departments student, Ijlal Hussain, on account of MPhil studies. As per the report, published recently in The Nation, military operation has driven more than 1.9m people from their homes while some 500,000 were forced to flee the fighting in the area in 2008. Only 10pc of the total 2.4m IDPs are living in camps, with the rest seeking shelter with relatives or in rented accommodations and public buildings like schools. Dr Hussnain said, The refugees are nowadays become a permanent feature of the world population. Refugees usually need shelter and protection and huge supplies of food to meet their nutritional needs. The FER is quite suitable for IDPs as it contains all nutritional requirements, including calcium, protein, carbohydrate, fat, vitamins, minerals and other essential nutrition. Any person can consume four bars with minimum 2,100 calories. Pregnant/lactating women and children can consume more or fewer FER bars to meet their specified calories needs. He further said that emergency ration was small and contains concentrated foods to provide at least required energy per day. Emergency rations, also known as ration cubes, combat rations, or field rations, are food supplements typically used when food slots, conventional food supplies are unavailable. The emergency ration, popularly known as the Armour, is a packaged unit of concentrated food carried by the refugees, displaced persons, asylum seekers, uprooted population and soldiers. Dr Hussnain said that Pakistan was an agricultural country and it could play leading role in supplying emergency rations to international aid giving agencies and NGOs. However, the country with tremendous quantities of cereal and pulses can produce huge quantity of emergency ration not only to serve but also earn foreign exchange by producing FER bars to international aid organisations, NGOs and other countries. This is for the first time in the history of Pakistan that any research institution has developed emergency ration, he said.