KARACHI The National Corruption Perception Survey 2010 indicates that overall corruption in 2010 has increased from Rs195 billion in 2009 to Rs223 billion and 70 per cent Pakistanis say that the present government is more corrupt than previous government, said Transparency International Pakistan Chairman Syed Adil Gilani. Addressing a news conference at Karachi Press Club on Tuesday, he said most people considered the past federal government to be cleaner and added that this is quite similar if we look at the response towards provincial governments, except Punjab. However, if we look at the results from provinces from a standalone point of view, Punjab is the only province where present provincial government is rated to be cleaner than previous provincial government and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is rated as the most corrupt province, he said. The survey pointed out that Police and Power Ministry maintained their ranking as the top two most corrupt sectors, and land administration is ranked as the third most corrupt sector. Corruption in judiciary, education and local government has also increased as compared to 2009, whereas FBRs two departments, Customs and Taxation are ranked as the least corrupt sectors. In terms of bribery per act, land administration is rated as the most corrupt sector where each incident of corrupt act is Rs46,414 whereas the total bribery in other nine sectors is Rs127,728. Gilani further said that corruption is the root cause of poverty, illiteracy, terrorism, shortage of electricity, food, etc., and lack of governance in Pakistan, and that the credibility of Pakistan is almost at the lowest level, which can be seen from almost no funding in last two years from the Friends of Pakistan trust fund being managed by the World Bank. He said the most corrupt sector is Tendering which eats away at least 40 percent of Pakistan development budget, and this is confirmed from the recent results of Transparent tendering for transportation of sugar in Trading Corporation of Pakistan where TCP has saved at least Rs49.3 million by implementing Public Procurement Rules 2004, which is 40 per cent lower than cost of same work awarded last year. Violators of PPRA are BOI, WAPDA, CDA, NHA, CCP, SECP, SBP, Customs, EOBI, ECP, EPZA, FIA, MOI, FPSC, FOS, GPA, Islamabad HC, JPCL, M of Health, Ministry of Investment, Ministry of PA, Ministry of Information Technology, Ministry of Privatisation, Ministry of Zakat, NIH, NSCS, PCB, PEPA, PHF, NLC, NIC, PID, Privatisation Commission, and Utility Stores Corporation. Pakistan needs to address the corruption with full political will, such as being demonstrated by judiciary by at least declaring it under the Judicial Policy to be a organisation of zero tolerance for corruption and Pakistan Armed Forces which also withdrew its active senior officers from civilian postings and have successfully also controlled violations of Procurement Rules 2004, which is confirmed from the AGP Report of 2008-2009. However, TIP advises Ministry of Defence to issue directive to DHAs, MES, CB, CAA, HMCs, HIT, FWO and SoP to implement PPRA. Parliament shall immediately pass the act of Independent Accountability Commission. For across the board accountability (rated as the top most cause of corruption in NCPS 2010), as required under the United Nation Charter Against Corruption ratified by Pakistan in August 2007. Unless urgent measure are taken, the time is not far when Pakistan may also be equated to Afghanistan in corruption. Therefore the rule of law should be brought back to Pakistan. Gilani said that TI Pakistan for the purpose of across the board accountability, fully endorses the views of Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, that Justice should be done let the heaven fall.