FAISALABAD - The production of wheat has increased 24.3 million tons from 16.9 million tons, rices production increases to 7.0 million tons from 4.0 million tons and the cottons production increases to 14.3 million bales from 10.6 million bales during over the past 15 years. This was stated by speakers at the international seminar on Crop Management: Issues and Option. The seminar was presided over by Faculty of Agronomy, UAF, Dean Prof Dr Muhammad Ashfaq and was arranged by Department of Agronomy. Former Agriculture Development Commissioner Dr Muhammad Hanif was the chief guest on the occasion. Dr Zahid Cheema, Chairman of the department, also spoke on the occasion. Dr Ashfaq said that Pakistan is divided into 12 agronomical zone. He urged the scientists to produce more researches keeping in view agronomical zone to increase the production of the country. He said that the global warming has hit across the globe so we should fight it by taking measure and with the help of modern techniques. He said cotton leaf curl virus and insect pressure were and are the hazards. Despite high population growth and other adversaries we have plenty of food supplies and other commodities. Dr Muhammad Hanif said the support price of wheat remained below or at marginal level of the cost of production almost during 1992 to 2009. When it was raised to Rs950, there was a quantum jump in wheat production. The price of wheat was Rs124 in year 1992, Rs160 in year 1994, Rs173 in year 1996, Rs240 in year 1997, Rs300 in year 2000, 350 in 2004, Rs400 in 2005 and Rs625 in 2008. Dr Muhammad Hanif stressed the need to focus on hydride as the average yield of spring maize from hybrid seeds in Punjab is 8 tons per ha whereas India has developed hybrid basmati rice, increasing yield by 50% and China has developed rice hybrids that are yielding 20 tons /ha, almost six times of our coarse rice. He said the real foundation of agriculture in this country was established in 1960s. The major accomplishments during this decade include signing of Indus Basin Treaty with India-196o, establishment of Agriculture University Faisalabad-1960, establishment of provincial Agriculture Research institutes-1961 and Commissioning of Mangla dam-1967. The average annual growth rate of agriculture sector during sixties was 5.1%. He said we have been playing on fiddle and have failed to add a single litre of irrigation water to our reservoirs after 1977.Our annual water diversions are 103 MAF and the live reservoir capacity is 16 MAF. India has water diversions of about 500 MAF and the Reservoir capacity is 123.1 MAF with 20 % of this as idle. It gives a chill in my backbone, to think that Indian capacity is equivalent to 15 months of our annual surface water flows and soon it will jump equivalent to our 18 months surface flows. He said the 70s saw the biggest investment of Pakistans history into agriculture sector. He said that the major event was the massive nationalization policy where in the assets of private sector were confiscated and this sector was shown the door to look some other country for investment. He said to fill in the vacuum, an army of parastals in public sector as Cotton Export Corporation, Rice Export Corporation, AMSL and others was established to do what private sector was doing. Dr Zahid Chema said there is a lot of work going on insect resistance. The purpose is to minimize the application of agro-chemicals. He also briefed the audience about the performance of the department.