Aziz-Ul-Haq Qureshi "Why did the Muslim League accept the Cabinet Mission Plan, which would have kept India united even under protest?" I think the matter needs convincing clarification with particular reference to ground realities. Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a man of rare vision. As the following analysis show, he was gifted by Almighty Allah with a foresight, which made him stand much taller than the pigmy political leadership of the contemporary subcontinent and beyond. The Cabinet Mission Plan envisaged the whole of Punjab and the whole of Bengal within the two Muslim zones with full autonomy and with an option for a fully blown up independence after a 10 year period. Before I go further I would also like to mention that in March 1946, when Cabinet Mission Plan was unveiled, political scene of the subcontinent was in utter confusion. Although Britain came out triumphantly in the Second World War, but deep down she realised that it had lost the empire. The break-up of the British Empire was ominously looming large before her face. Many decisions were to be taken including the end of its colonial rule over the most precious jewel in her crown i.e. Hindustan. The Hindu-dominated Congress was a bent upon seizing power over the entire subcontinent but the Muslim League resisted this attempt and stood for attaining independence for Muslim majority areas. Thus the Congress and the Muslim League were at daggers drawn between themselves. Other smaller minorities were being crushed everyday because of the confused and weakened British administration and its lack of decision as how to leave India in one piece. In such utter confusion and with a fuddled mind they came up with the Cabinet Mission Plan. The ever-alert and vigilant Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who was never in doubt about the machinations of intriguing British mind and conniving Hindu Buniya mentality, clearly saw advantages in accepting the Cabinet Mission Plan in May 1946. At that time the British, the Hindus and the Muslims were not sure when Hindustan would be granted independence in the near future. The foresight of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah quickly pounced upon the idea of having two great Muslim zones without partitioning Bengal and Punjab as monoliths on both sides of the third zone i.e. Hindu India. He could foresee the Muslims as complete master of their destiny without spilling a drop of blood, thereby getting rid of the conditions in which they were living for the last three hundred years or so. On the other hand the Hindus, being in majority, were dreaming to dominate over the Muslims of the subcontinent for all times to come and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah clearly saw the game. He never trusted the Hindus and the nation of shopkeepers i.e. Britishers. He could foresee the emergence of Pakistan. However the Hindus were determined to crush the idea of a separate Muslim homeland. For this purpose, the foremost machination of their twisted mentalities appeared in the shape of dividing Punjab, Bengal and Assam in order to incapacitate Pakistan at the very start. A little pondering will reveal that the deplorable carnage, which preceded and followed the birth of two independent sovereign states, was the direct consequence of the partition of the Punjab, Bengal and Assam. It was partition of the Punjab and Assam which resulted in massacre of millions of people, particularly Muslims. It was the Punjab partition, which enabled India to cut-off water supply to Depalpur Canal and the main branches of Upper Ban Doab in less than a year of independence. We would never had to sign the Indus Water Treaty thus selling our reserves to Hindustan. It was again partition of the Punjab which enabled India to march her forces into Kashmir hardly two months after the attainment of freedom, thereby creating a problem which has so far caused three full-fledged wars between India and Pakistan. It was also partition of the Punjab and Bengal which made it possible for the Hindus of Jammu and Calcutta to generate a communal frenzy against the majority community, the Muslims, who never dreamt such a calamity even during the oppressive Dogra or British rule. It was also the partition of the Punjab and Bengal which isolated the Muslims of East Punjab, UP, CP, Bihar and Bengal to become an easy morsel for the Hindu extremists. In all these massacres, illegal occupation of territories and attempts to cripple Pakistan from the very beginning the Hindus and the Sikhs played a horrific role. If the Punjab and Assam had not been partitioned or if partitioned not in the way it was done, there would never have occurred such a massacre the parallel of which is not to be found in the history of the subcontinent. Again it was partition of the Punjab and Bengal which forced migration of the people in dimensions considered to be amongst the largest in the annals of modem history. If the bigoted Hindu had accepted the Chief Minister Plan. There would have been no Kashmir problem, no wars between India and Pakistan, no opportunities for the superpowers to indulge in intrigues in this region. In all probability Pakistan and India would have lived in peace and in cooperation with each other, participating in each other's development, moving almost hand-in-hand in solving the problems of hunger and deprivation and who knows giving birth to a lasting state of mutual respect and understanding like other international neighbouring states. This would have enabled South Asia to emerge as one of the most stable, prosperous and creative regions of the world. The highly unfair, mischievous and ill-motivated partition of the Punjab and Assam will be found at the heart of almost every calamity which has not allowed the dream of a peaceful and prosperous South Asia to come true. Would not being given an incentive to the ugly cast culture of Hindu-India, which indulges in full and open display of its inhuman system disregarding the entire civilised world. I have tired in my humble way as true follower of the great Quaid to explain why Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah and All India Muslim League accepted the Cabinet Mission Plan while the Congress and the Hindus rejected it.