KARACHI - The government has planned the establishment of four Combined Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs) for Industrial areas with the objective to control and abate discharge of poisonous industrial effluent into storm water channels in Karachi, officials told TheNation. With a huge cost of Rs7.366 billion, four combined effluent treatment plants will be established for industrial areas of Karachi including SITE, Korangi-Landhi, North Karachi and Federal B Industrial Areas. According to an official concerned, the project has been cleared by the Technical Committee of the Planning and Development Department of Sindh Government. However, it will be sent to the federal government to get approval from Central Development Working Party (CDWP) before the finalizing of next fiscal years budget. Official concerned hoping that the proposed project would help in successful implementation of National Conservation Strategy and also could assist in ensuring an environmentally sustainable socio economic development in Karachi, the biggest industrial hub of the country. The Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KW&SB) will be the executing agency of the project, which to be initiated from the next fiscal year 2010-11. The Sindh and Federal governments will share the cost of the project on a equal basis. It may be noted here that the Sindh government had sent a proposal to the federal government, suggesting that establishment of combined effluent treatment plants be initiated from the possible funding promised by the Friends of Pakistan. As, so far the funding from Friend of Pakistan Forum has not been materialized, so the government decided to initiate this important project from its own available sources. The project will complete within three years (from FY2010-11 to FY2012-13), while annual operational cost of Rs1.348 million to be paid by the users, official added. According to detail, the first combined effluent treatment plant proposed at SITE industrial area would be designed flow of 19MGD, Translyari plant with design flow of 27MGD, North Karachi and FB industrial area with design flow of 8MGD and Korangi-Landhi industrial area treatment plant with design flow of 26MGD. A senior official said that the project will help in implementing the government policy on pollution emission control and its treatment through a cost effective method. This would help in controlling the discriminate discharge of polluted industrial waste into water bodies in Karachi. The project has been framed with the basic purpose to treat the wastewater before its final discharge into receiving water body as per NEQs requirement, official continued. However, the proposed project will also help to avoid contamination of natural water bodies, soil and ground water and to avoid contamination agriculture crops in case the farmers use the untreated water for irrigation. Furthermore, to avoid unnecessary expenditure incurred on health due to usage of polluted water, nuisance caused by order or unsightly appearance, and to meet new challenges in the international market to the expert oriented industry, due to WTO are the part of the objectives of the project. Sources said that the Planning and Development Department has raised questions about the availability of land for proposed treatment plants as the project cost has not indicated any amount for cost of land. Though, the KW&SB has identified that land availability for CETPs is the main issue as land cost in industrial varies between Rs5 million to Rs30 million per acre and land requirement for each plant is between Rs50 to Rs500 million. In contrast to this, the KW&SB has not available land area required for the combined effluent treatment plants as water board has been advised to clarify the availability of land, the official concluded.