LAHORE - Pakistan has so far been blessed with more than three dozen political figures who have treaded, or are treading, the corridors of power. There were Governors General, Presidents and the Prime Ministers, including the acting Presidents and the caretaker Prime Ministers. But not many of them are alive now. Though Pakistan had come into existence on August 14, 1947, it remained a Dominion of Pakistan till 1956 when the first Constitution was adopted and enforced and nomenclature was only then changed to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, almost nine years of its emerging on the world map out of nowhere. It is a well-known fact that from 1947 to 1956, there were four Governors General who remained at the helm of the affairs. First Governor General was none else but Father of the Nation Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He was born on December 25, 1876 and breathed his last just after about 13 months of Pakistan emergence on the world map out of nowhere on September 11, 1948. Second Governor General who succeeded the Quaid-i-Azam was Khwaja Nazimuddin. He was born in 1894 and expired in 1964. Incidentally, he had resigned as the Governor General and became the second Prime Minister after first Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan was shot dead in Rawalpindi in October 1951 while addressing a public meeting there at the Gol Bagh which afterwards named after him as Liaquat Bagh. Malik Ghulam Muhammad was the third Governor General of the newly-born country, which had its first capital in Karachi. He was born in 1895 and died in 1956. He was succeeded the fourth Governor General by Major General Iskander Mirza. On adoption of the first Constitution and its enforcement on March 23 in 1956, Pakistan had become the Islamic Republic, hence March 23 became our Republic Day, since also known as the Pakistan Day and, accordingly, the office of the Governor General was abolished and replaced with that of the President. It was the same day in 1940 that the historic Pakistan Resolution was adopted at Minto Park, Lahore by the All India Muslim League. Newly-born countrys first constitution was framed by second Constituent Assembly, which was created on May 28, 1955 under the Governor Generals Order (# 12 of 1955). Chaudhry Muhammad Ali was the Prime Minister at the time. The draft of this Constitution was introduced in the Assembly on January 9, 1956 and passed by the august house on February 29, 1956. The assent was given to it by the Governor General on March 2, 1956, and subsequently it was enforced with effect from March 23, 1956. Thus, Major General Iskander Mirza had earned the distinction of being the fourth and last Governor General of the Dominion of Pakistan and becoming the first President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on March 23, 1956. Most unfortunately, he also became the first President to impose martial law in the country in October 1958 in collaboration with first Muslim Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army, General Muhammad Ayub Khan. Major General Iskander Mirza was born in 1899 and died, while living a miserable life in exile, in 1969. As the fate would have it, Major General Iskander Mirza was kicked out from the Presidency in Karachi by General Ayub Khan within three weeks of imposition of the fully-fledged martial law and his becoming the Chief Martial Law Administrator and he (Ayub Khan) had assumed the highest office of the land, i.e., the President of Pakistan. General Ayub Khan, who had in a self-styled manner assumed the highest military rank of and become the Field Marshal, was born in 1917 and died in 1974, five years after his also being kicked out from the Presidency in Islamabad in 1969 by Army Chief General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan. Former President and Army Chief General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan was born in 1912 and he died while living a retired life in 1980. In December 1971 after the greatest ever tragedy of the Fall of Dacca, Zulkfikar Ali Bhutto had become the fourth President of what remained of Pakistan after East Pakistan parting ways and becoming Bangladesh. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto had also become the first ever civilian Chief Martial Law Administrator as the power was transferred to him in a state of emergency after the Fall of Dacca by General Yahya Khan who was both the President as well as the CMLA. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto on the enforcement of the new Constitution in 1973 had stepped down and become the Prime Minister. He was born in January 1928 and was hanged in April 1979 on the charge of abetment in the murder of the father of a political adversary, Ahmad Raza Kasuri, after being overthrown by Chief of Army Staff General Muhammad Ziaul Haq in July 1977. After Zulfikar Ali Bhutto had stepped down, then Speaker of the National Assembly Fazal Elahi Chaudhry had become the countrys fifth President in August 1973. He was born in 1904 and died in 1982 four years after his relinquishing the office of the President of Pakistan in September 1978 on completion of his stipulated term of five years as provided in the Constitution. He had completed the tenure despite the fact that Army Chief General Ziaul Haq had seized power in July 1977 and allowed Fazal Elahi Chaudhry to complete his constitutional term as the fifth President of the country. After Fazal Elahi Chaudhrys retirement as the President on completion of his five years tenure, Army Chief General Muhammad Ziaul Haq in September 1978 had also assumed the office of the President while retaining the COAS uniform as well. General Ziaul Haq, third military ruler, had perished in C-130 mid air tragedy in August 1988 along with more than thirty others including Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Akhtar Abdul Rahman, US Ambassador Raphael and some senior American military officials. He was born in 1924 and ruled the country with an iron hand for just more than eleven years despite his categorical assurance on seizure of the power from civilian government of Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto that election would be held within 90 days. The much-promised general election was only held in February 1985, that too on non-party basis. President/Chief of Army Staff General Muhammad Ziaul Haq was succeeded by then Senate Chairman Ghulam Ishaq Khan as the acting President He officiated as the President till December 12, 1988, overviewed the general election for the 8th National Assembly held in November 1988 and subsequently was elected as full-time President with full backing and support of PPP. He held the highest officeof the land till July 18, 1993 when he along with Prime Minister Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif had both resigned after a turbulent political period as they could not pull along with each other amicably and smoothly. Senate Chairman Wasim Sajjad had become the acting President on the same date, i.e., July 18, 1993 evening for the intervening till the new presidential election as well as general election were held to fill the political vacuum so created. Accordingly, general election for the 10th National Assembly were held were held in October 1993 and the presidential election in November the same year in which PPPs nominee and formerly partys Secretary General Sardar Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari was elected as the new full-time President. Thus, Wasim Sajjad had relinquished the office as the acting President on November 14, 1993. Wasim Sajjad, born in 1941, is presently the Opposition leader in the upper house of the Parliament, the Senate of Pakistan. Sardar Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari held the highest office of the land as the President till December 1997during which he had dismissed PPP second Government of Prime Minister Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto in November 1996. Sardar Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari, born in 1940, had only recently expired in October 2010. He was living in a bungalow in Islamabad which was hired by the Federal Government, as per his entitlement, as the former President. Senate Chairman Wasim against became the acting President till January 1998 when Justice (retd) Muhammad Rafiq Tarar was elected as the new President as a nominee of head of the Sharif family, Mian Muhammad Sharif, and fully supported and backed by PML (N) Federal Government of Prime Minister Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif. Justice (retd) Muhammad Rafiq Tarar held the office till June 20, 2001 when he was prematurely and unceremoniously kicked out of the Presidents House in Islamabad by fourth military dictator General Pervez Musharraf who himself had also become the President, in COAS khaki uniform, prior to his proceeding to India for peace talks at Agra. Muhammad Rafiq Tarar was born in 1929 and is presently leading a retired life in Lahore in the bungalow rented out by the Federal Government for him as the former President. General Pervez Musharraf, born in 1943, remained the President till August 18, 2008 when he was forced by the pressing circumstances to step down. Earlier, he had relinquished the post of the Army Chief and handed over the command of Pakistan Army to General Pervaiz Ashfaq Kayani. After General Pervez Musharrafs stepping down, also rather in an unceremonious manner, Senate Chairman Muhammadmian Soomro became the acting President till September 9, 2008 when he had handed over the charge to newly-elected full time President and PPP Co-Chairman Asif Ali Zardari. President Asif Ali Zardari was born in Karachi in July1955 and married Benazir Bhutto in December 1987, is a widower after Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was shot dead in December 2007 in Liaquat Bagh (Rawalpindi) and father of Bilawal who is PPP Chairman, Bakhatawar and Asifa. He is in the midst of his five years constitutional tenure as the 13th President of Pakistan.