There is no doubt that those who can use science through technological applications and in the process create self sustaining institutions will come out on top.

Some of the factors that are involved in technology are; Technology involves satisfying the wants of people. Commercial discipline must be on top here and cash flows positive. The organizational structure must be built up to achieve what is required by the wants, this calls for merit placements and transparency of operations. As the degree of detail involved is beyond the comprehension of the ordinary person. It amounts to going down binary! These also form the essential archives to ensure maintaining sharpness. It is multi-disciplinary in nature: including production, planning and control, marketing, accounting in all its forms - coordination becomes a new and important factor.

Since we are moving over to modifying our current feudal mind-set of individuals involved in new processes transitional strategies need definition. Such an approach is conducive to change. Training can be a major effort here. That as the organization grows in size (hopefully) coordination will have to be accepted as an economic function, as significant as capital, labour and equipment. Another characteristic of technology is that because of large capital investments improvements will come incrementally ie slowly. Sometimes a certain amount of secrecy may be required to keep an edge over the competition.

Since technology is the know-how to solve problem all sorts in man made systems. It is here that we can take advantage of the ways shown by the West and later by Japan, Korea and others in the East to how to get about it with the least wastage of resources.

Consider the growth of society: it is concerned with technology whether it be transport, provision of electricity, gas, water, ensuring adequate health measures, both curative and preventive, disposal of waste, care of the environment etc. Another example: Noam Chomsky, an internationally known intellectual, who says as an American we have to have huge military system, not to defend ourselves against the Russians but to defend ourselves against the technological sophistication of the Third World Power. Further consider the statement made by our Minister for Interior a few days ago when he said we are winning the war against terror on the ground but losing it in the social media.

What technology creates, it can also modify, provided those at the helm of affairs are prepared to apply their minds to the rapid changes taking place in and around us the world over. This calls for independent thinking. We need to learn from other countries in this respect. About a 100 years ago the Carnegie Foundation financed dozens of scholars to study in the UK at Oxford, at Cambridge, the sociological and psychological factors affecting the way people think. By that time the Tavisitock Institute was set up and tremendous amount of research was done. Such knowledge generation has helped to condition Western strategy to be able to understand internal divisions of thought in the un-developed world and thence to exploit them.

Allama Iqbal in Javid Nama says:

The power of the West comes from

science and technology.

And with that self same flame its lamp is bright.

For science and technology, elegant young sprig.

Brains are necessary, not European clothes.

If you have a nimble intellect, it is sufficient.

If you have a perceptive mind it is sufficient.

(Arberry)

Allama had the vision to see how the West through the Renaissance had absorbed the scientific knowledge accumulated by the polymaths of their time, by translating their findings in Latin. Incidentally the language of science for nearly one thousand years was Arabic right from Spain to Afghanistan. The problem that we face is how do we convert the vision of the Allama into practice and that is to understand how to use technology to our advantage.

To conclude, it will not be out of place to mention currently our institutions are at war within themselves. Let us accept there are multiple reasons. Technology moves inexorably in the direction of straightening things out —- as long as we are not looking for overnight transformation.

While the Vision, Mission, Goals and Strategies are purely intellectual activities —- away from where the physical work gets done and results of one kind or another achieves; the best way to make a start is to insist that the Standard Operating Procedures be defined. Further they must be up-to-date. This calls for an appropriate budget head with dedicated staff. This will cost hardly any thing in relation to budgeted amounts. This will make it possible to ensure there are no missing links or unnecessary repetition of functions. This will bridge the intellectual civilization with the physical implementation civilization wherein no-balls and wides are delivered in real time confusing all and encouraging corruption.