LAHORE - The percentage of admission in postgraduate classes in Pakistan has increased to 15 per cent of the entire admissions in higher education meaning thereby four per cent of the total population is seeking university education in Pakistan, which is double than the previous 2 per cent in the year 2002 achieved after billions of rupees spending on higher education. It is, however grossly lower than 12 per cent in India and 85 per cent in Korea. According to a study conducted by the Education Executive Club (EEC), the strength of students in undergraduate level is 13.5 per cent of the total population and if 7 per cent are added by the year 2010, the strength comes to 17 lakh youth. The more alarming is the fact that we dont have the infrastructure to engage our graduates in nation-building endeavours. The low percentage of higher education and its application for development speak the pitiable state of affairs while it is no denying the fact that the higher education of quality is key to progress of any country and this is true for Pakistan. According to the study, only 12,000 teachers are working in public sector universities in Punjab, while 24,000 are needed. The strength of PhD teachers in postgraduate classes is almost negligible i.e. 3050 of which 1500 are engaged in research. The Higher Education Commission (HEC) has fixed target of 1000 PhDs every year but the cut in its budget would lead the PhD programme in fiasco. It is also a matter of concern that majority of PhDs are in Science subjects while the number of PhDs in Social Sciences is comparatively low. There were 200 PhD scholars in Social Sciences by the end of 2008. As such lot has to be done to increase the number of PhD scholars in Science, Commerce and Social Sciences. The capacity building of postgraduate colleges and universities both in public and private sectors have to be made vis-a-viz increase in seats and library, lab facilities in accordance with the strength of students. The linkages of these universities with the trade and industry for placement of Master degree holders on jobs is yet another hillock task. By strengthening BS (Hons) MS/MPhil 18 years education, Master degrees of our universities can be accepted abroad and a fair number of MS/MPhil can proceed abroad for jobs. The degree of private universities is not accepted abroad unless these universities have linkages with the foreign varsities, but private universities do not get linkage because of lack of proper faculty members. EEC member Prof M Sharif Malik said that in view of the importance of higher education at postgraduate level, the BS (4 years) & MS/MPhil (2 years) programme should also be introduced at public sector postgraduate colleges. Similarly, Master degrees annual programme syllabus has to be revised drastically with the changing need. The faculty members of the private chartered varsities are usually not qualified in the relevant subject whose recruitment should be made transparent. Moreover, they are overburdened and handicapped with inadequate facilities.