LAHORE The country is facing electricity deficit of about 5,000MW in the system and this deficiency can be decreased by almost of its half by proper fuel arrangement for the power sector, better augmentation, adopting energy conservation, reducing theft and saving line losses. The electricity demand during the summer season remains about 17,000MW while the available generation capacity is above 15,500MW, as per the Pakistan Electric Power Companys officials. So during the peak demand, there should be maximum shortfall 2,500MW, if the available sources are properly utilised. While normally the shortfall should remain below 2,000MW during the summer season with maximum load shedding of two to four hours in the country. But, now the people are facing above 10-hour outages on daily basis. And the dilemma is that the available capacity is not being utilised properly only due to the less attention of the government towards the settlement of load shedding crisis. Shortages of fuel supply, non-settlement of circular debt are the main reasons behind the day by day increasing gap between electricity demand and generation. The government by paying proper attention on the completion of ongoing hydel power projects and by utilising the active power generation can provide relief to the people but the cash-strapped government looks non-serious in this regard. Hydel power stations, PEPCO owned four GENCOs and IPPs are the three major sources for energy generation in Pakistan besides the PEPCO buy about 150MW from the RPPs these days. According to the details, GENCO 1, TPS Jamshoro has had installed capacity of 850MW, and GTPS Kotri can produce 174MW. Similarly, from the GENCO 2, TPS Guddi and TPS Quetta and from GENCO 3 and 4, PEPCO can easily produce more than 1,500 MW if the allocation of furnace oil and gas met with the demands of the power plants without hurdles. The existing daily gas allocation is 285 MMCFD for these GENCOs (from Kandhkot 115 MMCFD, Sui 40 MMCFD, Mari 90 MMCFD & Tullow 40 MMCFD while the daily requirement of gas is about 310 MMCFD and in this way there is permanent gas short fall of about 25 MMCFD, which sometimes reaches above 100MMCFD. Similarly, on the IPPs side, Hub Power Project has had generation capacity 1292MW, Uch Power Limited 586MW, Tapal Energy Limited 126MW, Southern Electric Power Company Limited 115MW, Saba Power Company Limited 114MW, Rousch (Pakistan) Power Limited 412MW, Liberty Power Project 235MW, Kohinoor Energy Limited 131.44MW, Japan Power Generation (Pvt) Limited 120MW, Habibullah Coastal Power (Pvt) Co.140MW, Gul Ahmed Energy Ltd. (GAEL) 136MW, Fauji Kabirwala Power Company 157MW, Altern Energy Limited 29MW, AES Pak Gen. (Pvt) Limited 365 and AES Lalpir Limited 362MW. So, about 7,000 can be easily generated from the IPPs and RPPs. At hydel side, the total system capacity of 13 number hydel stations as of today is 6,444MW. In this way, the total generation capacity from Wapdas own hydel and PEPCO-owned thermal sources plus generation from the IPPs stands at 15,764 MW. For the generation of the electricity, the govt does not need miracles but only the furnace oil, diesel and gas supply to the thermal units and settlement of the circular debt of the power sector. Similarly, by controlling the menace of electricity theft and by adopting energy conservation plan through letter and spirit, millions of units can be saved.