ISLAMABAD - Terming constitution as mother of all laws Chief Justice of Pakistan Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry on Saturday said that courts in Pakistan are upholders of rule of law.He expressed these views while addressing a certificate awarding ceremony on conclusion of a weeklong refresher course on “sessions trial and appreciation of evidence” for additional district & sessions judges from all over the country including Azad Jammu & Kashmir. The Chief Justice congratulated the participants of the refresher course who have successfully completed this training. While conducting trial and dispensing justice, the trial court has to be conscious not just of the legal safeguards available but also essentially to act in accordance with newly added Article 10-A, providing for the right to fair trial, he said.He further said, “After a cumbersome exercise in trial the efforts of a judge culminate into judgment and the judgment should be well thought of, analytical, based on evidence and free from grammatical errors. It should be transparent and even persuading for the loser of the case”.“Criminal justice system in our jurisdiction is not unitary in nature. Its different components namely Police i.e. Investigation Agency, Prosecution, Court and Corrections act in a centrifugal manner, all striving to achieve common object. So the judicial officers administering criminal justice are advised to acquaint themselves not only with the substantive and procedural laws but also the salutary Police Rules and different sciences and modern techniques of investigation like forensic, medicine, DNA, finger prints, hand writing, cyber laws, Prison Rules etc”, the Chief Justice stated.  “The Federal Judicial Academy would very soon be converted into a Center of Excellence and after the completion of construction of phase-II, the Academy will be upgraded to the status of Federal University of Law and Judicial Administration. Its charter for approval is under process with the quarters concerned. This project, on completion, will open new avenues of education and training for judicial officers”, the Chief Justice stated. Shedding light on importance of judicial education he said, “ The value and importance of judicial education has long been recognized. It can be related to specific outcomes, such as better managed and less costly litigation, as well as greater public confidence.He said that the Academy should periodically revise its curricula to meet the needs of changing circumstances. “One of its major aims should be faculty development for which train-the-trainers courses should be arranged. Instead of continuing conventional methods of lecturing, the faculty should lay stress on case study and mentoring”, the Chief Justice stated.“With the implementation of the National Judicial Policy, the backlog has been cut to a considerably small size. I am proud of my district judiciary, which is backbone of our judicial system as justice at a grass-root level is provided by it”, he stated.Earlier, DG of the Academy presented an overview of the course. In t he end Chief Justice of Pakistan gave away certificates to eighteen Additional District and Sessions Judges- two of them-female judges- in the ceremony. Mr. Justice Tassaduq Hussain Jillani , Judge in charge FJA ( Academics) and Justice Nasirul Mulk, Judge In charge FJA ( administration) were also present in the ceremony.