ISLAMABAD - A tally of 1,511 juveniles are jailed in the country out of which 177 children are behind the bars as their mothers are undergoing various terms. A mother being sent to jail is always devastating for a family. In many of the worlds developing countries like Pakistan, the consequences are even worse, where many children are forced to live with their mothers in jail due to lack of family or other circumstances. The children, either living with their mothers due to their convicted mother or due to their own conviction, have equal right to get education, heath care and other such facilities in jail. The Juvenile Justice System Ordinance (JJSO) 2000 is also clearly stated about setting up Borstal institution where juveniles could obtain education and training for their mental, moral and psychological development, but, so far, no a single separate institution could be established. Subsequently, the experience of being in jail is always of distressing and traumatic for a child and lead to mental disorders in the children besides depriving them of getting education, health care, and recreation. Data of all Directorate of Prisons obtained by TheNation on state of juveniles in Pakistan revealed that a total of 1,511 juveniles are in countrys jails including 903 in jails Punjab, 329 in Sindh, 223 in NWFP and 56 in Balochistan. The official record also informed that out of total juveniles 145 are convicted while 1,366 are under trial. Whereas, out of total 177 children are living with their prisoner mothers in different jails of the country. The number of children with mothers in jails was the highest in Punjab, as 98 children are living with their imprisoned mothers in jails followed by NWFP with 38 juveniles, Sindh with 36 and Balochistan with five juveniles. Pakistan ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on March 12, 1996 and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) on November 12, 1990. However, independent analysts opined that if one is to critique the status of pregnant imprisoned women, and children in prisons, Pakistan is in violation of multiple provisions of both these conventions. When approached for comment, legal expert Advocate Muhammad Ikram Chaudhry said that Article 9 of the Constitution was about life and liberty. However he continued that very few cases involving women and children were brought to court, since many women were unaware that they could challenge their imprisonment in court on the grounds that they were either pregnant or were mothers. It has also been learnt that as provided under section 4 of the JJSO 200 the courts have decided all the juveniles cases within four months, but unfortunately most of children were kept for considerable time in lock-ups for petty crimes.