LARKANA   -  Arrangements to observe 40th death anniversary of founding Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) chairman and former prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto have been finalised. Central gathering of the PPP will be held in Garhi Khuda Bux Bhutto on Thursday (today), for which arrangements have been given final shape. In order to avoid any eventuality, more than 7,000 policemen have been deployed in Garhi Khuda Bux and Naudero. Chairman PPP Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, co-Chairman Asif Ali Zardari and other leaders will address the gathering.

On the other hand, party leaders, jiyalas and supporters are reaching Garhi Khuda Bux to pay rich tribute to their beloved leader. Welcome camps have also been setup in Larkana city, Naudero and Garhi Khuda Bux. One of the most charismatic and renowned politicians in the history of Pakistan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was born on January 5th, 1928.

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto received his early education from Bombay’s Cathedral High School. He was admitted in the prestigious University of Southern California in 1947 and went on to join University of California at Berkeley in June 1949. He was conferred an honors degree in Political Sciences from the prestigious Oxford University.

He got married to Begum Nusrat Isphahani on September 8, 1951 and their first child, Benazir Bhutto, was born on June 21, 1953.

He later quit as member of the Cabinet over political differences with the military dictator over Tashkent Agreement. After his resignation from Ayub’s government, he formed the Pakistan People’s Party. He won the majority seats in the general elections of 1970 in the West Pakistan but did not come to an agreement with Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman who had the majority in East Pakistan now known as Bangladesh. Ex-military dictator General Yahya Khan stepped down and Bhutto became the President on 20th December, 1971. Ten major industries of Pakistan were nationalized in 1972 during Bhutto’s reign and Pakistan also cancelled its membership from Commonwealth of Nations and South East Asian Treaty Organization (S.E.A.T.O) as many of the western countries had recognized Bangladesh as a state.

He introduced land reforms and Simla Agreement was signed with India on July 2nd, 1972 which paved the way for the return of 90,000 Prisoners Of War (P.O.W) and the lands which were lost in the 1971 Bangladeshi Liberation War.

Bhutto also passed a constitution of Pakistan in 1973 and became the Head of the Government.

The PPP founder laid the foundation stone of Pakistan’s first steel mill at Pipri on 30th December, 1973. All banks were nationalized on the first of January 1974. He also organized the second Islamic Summit in Lahore on 22nd February, 1974 which was attended by over 38 heads of Islamic states.