Islamabad - Democracy has a promising future due to the ongoing structural transformations such as the diffusion of political power and emergence of new power centres like judiciary, media and civil society, said Dr Ishtiaq Ahmad, a professor of Quaid-e-Azam University.

He was speaking at the launch of his co-edited book titled as ‘Pakistan’s Democratic Transition: Change and Persistence’ in Islamabad today.

The book provides contending views on Pakistan’s current democratic transition. Drawing on history, diverse theoretical perspectives, and empirical evidence, it explains the emerging political trends in the country, including their underlying sources, attributes, constraints, and prospects of sustainability.

“For a country with a conflict-orientation, it is natural to have a civil-military convergence and for the establishment to be actively involved in public policy and play its role,” said Dr Ishtiaq.

“The power structure in Pakistan has changed. Several drivers of including change external environment, domestic security and economic situation, and the challenges in its major relationships back the recent democratic transition and transformation in Pakistan,” he added.

The launch ceremony was organised by the Centre for Research and security Studies.

Published by Routledge, the book brings together 13 prominent scholars and experts on politics including political economy, democratic transition, and foreign policy.

“There is a popular image attached to Pakistani politics about military domination: the study instead goes beyond the popular discourse, explore history, linkages between facts, and come up with factual analysis with variable that are more influential in shaping realities,” Dr Ishtiaq said.

Leading columnist Mosharraf Zaidi said that to strengthen human capital there is a need to refine democracy because democracy helps human capital formation.

 If there was a competition between democracies and non-democracies, democracies are slightly ahead in comparison to other systems when it comes to human capital formation.

The demographic dividend of Pakistan requires building up capacities of young people.

There are 100 million people below the age of 25 in Pakistan and there is a challenge to cultivating and mentoring them at the micro level, failure to do which is an economic challenge.

Head of Centre for Research and Security Studies Imtiaz Gul said that judicial intervention has challenged the dominant power structure in Pakistan. Judicial activism has accelerated the processes in Pakistan in an age of crises of integrity, and has put all stakeholders of power at accountability.