The system replacing the institution of the deputy commissioner has lost its effectiveness due to flaws in the policy making. A similar case is of the office of Political Agent in FATA. It was established in 1892 at the prime of the British Rule in India in order to keep the people of the area integrated. The office worked effectively until bypassed by our policy makers. The PA was/is usually a BPS 18 or 19 officer and is the head of the administrative hierarchy of a FATA agency belonging to the District Management Group or Provincial Civil Services (PCS) cadre, a PA was assigned with enormous power. The functions he performed made more powerful and less accountable than a deputy commissioner in settled areas or even a political agent of Provincially Administered Tribal Areas (PATA). The PAs are appointed by the Governor of the NWFP himself, to whom, they are ultimately responsible for all major development and administrative actions taken during his tenure in the office. Knowing the needs of tribal administration, in 1973 the Bhutto government decided to raise the tribal administration under a separate cadre, called Tribal Administration Group (TAG), for the purpose of specialising tribal administration services to those coming directly in the civil service through competitive examinations with an aim to spend the formative phase of their career in tribal areas, being able to accept challenge of tribal administration, as Assistant PAs and PAs. The system was abolished by Zia in 1981 and merged into DMG. The PA's role of arbitration in tribal disputes was multi-dimensional, especially in a major tribal law and order situation. Law and order situation was the major function as FATA constituted a number of tribes all showing tribal rivalries and competition with one another over different issues. They could range from a common tribal murder or kidnap case to collective dispute over agency trade/permits' benefits. A small tribal issue can lead to major tribal dispute involving major law and order situation. The tactics he used to settle the issue was based on teamwork of his officers and Maliks (elders) as jirga (council of elders); threatened the use of force or promise privileges to parties involved. The Malik system which the agencies undermined was very effective. FCR was a major tool in the hands of PA to punish a person involved in anti-state activities. A PA had a list of Maliks of the agency and had a free hand in restructuring the privileges of Malik, i.e. allowing permits, funds, and contracts; recommending special scholarships for students of his tribe; and recommending his tribesmen for agency services, particularly in Levies. The Malik system was established during the heyday of the British rule in India to tighten their rule over the tribal belt. The Malik system was raised on tribal grounds with a consideration that all major sub-sections of tribes get hold of this privileged position. The administrative reforms under Musharraf undermined Office of the Political Agent indirectly. What we gained from that experimentation over the years was administrative chaos and law and order deterioration for which we are paying heavily in our day-to-day life.