As many as 1.9 billion obese or overweight adults worldwide are vulnerable to various diseases including heart attack, diabetes, and cancer whereas insufficient physical activities are increasing 30 percent risk of mortality, experts said during a seminar.

A seminar titled obesity and heart diseases was arranged by University of Agriculture Faisalabad UAF. On the occasion, speakers said said that life style of people is changing in term of eating junk food, lack of daily walk, limited exercise, and spending more than 2 hours daily on watching television or internet.

These are leading factors to the obesity. He said, approximately, 3.2 million deaths each year are attributable to insufficient physical activity. Referring towards a recent research, Dr Naeem Aslam said. he added that waist parameter defines a male obese with 40 and 25% body fat and for female it is 35 inch and 35% body fat.

He said that according to World Health Organisation, the world obesity had doubled in the last three decades. He was of the view that most of the world population live in the countries where obesity and overweight kills more people than underweight. He said that even children are suffering from obesity due to lack of physical activities in school as well as home. He stressed a need to adopt at least 30 minutes moderate physical activity for five days or three times vigorous activity a week. He said that in the next four years, the US half population and 20 percent China’s population will be obese that will lead towards more mortalities.

UAF Vice Chancellor Dr Iqrar said the sport activities were showing a declining trend. He said the UAF was making efforts to promote culture of sports and state of the art facilities were being provided for the students.

He said that in the modern era, the lifestyle had changed and the people are using junk food that is the reason of obesity. He called for educating the people about the hazard of obesity. Healthy food and life style reduce the risk of the many diseases. He also stressed a need to adopting preventive measures by saying that prevention is better than cure.

Dean Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home Sciences Dr Masood Sadiq said that his faculty had launched BS Human Nutrition and Dietetics Programme to produce skilled manpower in the field. He also stressed including workout in the routine. Dr Tahir Zahor and Dr Aamir Shehzad also spoke on the occasion.

A healthy lifestyle can help you prevent overweight and obesity. Many lifestyle habits begin during childhood. Thus, parents and families should encourage their children to make healthy choices, such as following a healthy diet and being physically active.

Make a healthy lifestyle a family goal: a healthy eating plan. Make healthy food choices, keep your calorie needs and your family’s calorie needs in mind, and focus on the balance of energy IN and energy OUT; focus on portion size. Watch the portion sizes in fast food and other restaurants. The portions served often are enough for two or three people. Children’s portion sizes should be smaller than those for adults. Cutting back on portion size will help you balance energy IN and energy OUT; be active. Make personal and family time active.

Find activities that everyone will enjoy. For example, go for a brisk walk, bike or rollerblade, or train together for a walk or run; and reduce screen time. Limit the use of TVs, computers, DVDs, and videogames because they limit time for physical activity. Health experts recommend 2 hours or less a day of screen time that’s not work- or homework-related.