JERUSALEM - US President Barack Obama said Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s terms for diplomacy that might lead to a Palestinian state meant Israel had lost international credibility as a potential peacemaker.
Obama also suggested that continued US diplomatic defence for Israel at the United Nations over the Palestine dispute may be reviewed, while reaffirming US support for Israeli security in a conflict-riven Middle East.
In an interview with Israeli television aired on Tuesday, he offered a bleak outlook for decades of negotiations on Palestinian statehood bearing any fruit during the 18 months he has left in office. “I don’t see the likelihood of a framework agreement,” Obama said in an interview with Uvda, a current-affairs programme produced by Israel’s top-rated Channel Two and Keshet television. “The question is how do we create some building blocks of trust and progress.” While Obama has acknowledged the geographical and ideological divisions among Palestinians that have bedevilled peace efforts, in the interview - taped in the White House on Friday - he focused on Netanyahu’s policies.
On the eve of his March 17 election to a fourth term, Netanyahu said there would be no Palestinian state if he remained premier. He argued that any withdrawals from occupied territory by Israel would embolden hardline guerrillas arrayed on its borders. Netanyahu has since sought to row back from those remarks but his peace overtures have met with scepticism from the Palestinians as well as Western diplomats.
Obama said Netanyahu’s position “has so many caveats, so many conditions that it is not realistic to think that those conditions would be met at any time in the near future. “So the danger is that Israel as a whole loses credibility. Already, the international community does not believe that Israel is serious about a two-state solution.”
The last round of US-sponsored talks stalled more than a year ago, with Palestinians blaming Israeli settlement-building in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem, among the territories where they seek an independent state.
Obama said now was the time for a re-evaluation of “how we approach defending Israel on the international stage around the Palestinian issue”.
He cited pro-Palestinian resolutions at the United Nations that Washington has long blocked in the name of encouraging direct diplomacy between the sides.
 Asked whether such US vetoes would continue, Obama sounded circumspect. “Well, here’s the challenge. If in fact there is no prospect of an actual peace process, if nobody believes there is a peace process, then it becomes more difficult to argue with those who are concerned about settlement construction, those who are concerned about the current situation,” he said.
“It is more difficult for me to say to them, ‘Be patient, wait, because we have a process here.’”
Israelis and Palestinians both, Obama said, should work with the United States to “move off what appears right now to be a hopeless situation and move it back towards a hopeful situation”.
He did not offer more concrete solutions.
Netanyahu’s office did not immediately comment on the Obama interview. Speaking at an Israeli missile defence drill earlier on Tuesday, Netanyahu stressed the need for self-sufficiency: “When it comes to Israel’s security, I rely, first of all, on ourselves.”
Meanwhile, a Palestinian farmer was wounded on Wednesday after being shot by Israeli troops near the border in southern Gaza, health officials said.
The 22-year-old man was in a moderate condition after being shot in the stomach as he farmed land near the border in an area east of Khan Yunis, Gaza health ministry spokesman Ashraf al-Qudra said. The army had no immediate comment.
Israel maintains a security buffer zone along the inside of the border but allows “civilian access on foot to areas up to 100 meters from the perimeter fence, for agricultural purposes only,” the UN humanitarian agency (OCHA) says.
In a separate development, five fishermen were arrested by the Israeli navy in waters just off central Gaza, the head of the fishermen’s syndicate told AFP.
An army spokeswoman said two fishing vessels had refused repeated calls to turn back to the shore, prompting the navy to escort them to an Israeli port where five men were being questioned.
“Every deviation from the designated fishing zone poses a possible security threat to Israel,” she said.
“Since Operation Protective Edge, there have been multiple attempts to smuggle illegal materials and weapons into Gaza from the maritime border,” she added, referring to a devastating 50-day war last summer that claimed the lives of 2,200 Palestinians and 73 on the Israeli side.
Under the terms of Israel’s nine-year blockade, Gaza’s fishermen have the right to trawl the waters up to six nautical miles off the coast, but locals say the Israeli navy often opens fire before they reach that limit.