GENEVA - Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran have adopted a broad strategy for helping 5.7 million Afghans living in refugee camps in their homeland and three million others who still reside outside its borders.

Senior officials and diplomats say the UN-brokered strategy will focus on rebuilding the lives of people at 48 sites in Afghanistan by providing schools and jobs and meeting other basic needs.

Antonio Guterres, the UN high commissioner on refugees, told reporters Thursday all sides are committed to ‘voluntary repatriation’. Pakistan holds two million Afghan refugees, while Iran harbours one million.

The international conference on the refugees was held in Geneva as the US winds down its presence in Afghanistan, where decades of war has driven millions out.