KARACHI - Around 70,000 children are affected with thalassaemia, an inherited autosomal recessive blood disease, in the country, while the government is unconcerned towards the highest prevalence of the disease in the country. About 6,000 new cases are annually reported in the country where 2.2 to 2.4 million blood points are yearly required to save the lives of the children while the availability of the blood pints fall in 1.5 to 1.6 million, which is considered insufficient for the treatment of the patients. The 5th National Conference of Thalassaemia Federation of Pakistan (TFP) will commence from November 4 to 6 in the metropolis. Vice President TFP Dr Sarfraz Hussain Jafari expressed these views on Monday, while speaking at a press conference held at Karachi Press Conference. Other representatives of the federation, including Dr Tahir Shamsi and Muhammad Iqbal were also present at the occasion, while provincial Government Official Dr Zahid Hasan Ansari was also present at the occasion. Dr Sarfaraz said that TFP was going to hold a conference in the city with an objective to create awareness among the masses about the fatality of the disease, which very common in the country. He told that the disease was incurable, while the prevention was only cure of the disease. In thalassemia, the genetic defect results in reduced rate of synthesis of one of the globins chains that make up hemoglobin. Reduced synthesis of one of the globins chains can cause the formation of abnormal hemoglobin molecules, and this in turn causes the anemia, which is the characteristic presenting symptom of the thalassemias. Thalassemia is a quantitative problem of too few globins synthesized, whereas sickle-cell anemia (a hemoglobinopathy) is a qualitative problem of synthesis of an incorrectly functioning globins. Thalassemias usually result in underproduction of normal globins proteins, often through mutations in regulatory genes. Hemoglobinopathies imply structural abnormalities in the globins proteins themselves. The two conditions may overlap, however, since some conditions, which cause abnormalities in globins proteins (hemoglobi-nopathy) also affect their production (thalassemia). Thus, some thalassemias are hemoglobino-pathies, but most are not. Either or both of these conditions may cause anemia. Generally, thalassemias are prevalent in populations that evolved in humid climates where malaria was endemic, but affects all races. Thalassemias are particularly associated with Arabs, people of Mediterranean origin, and Asians." Our prime objective is to get the legislation approved from the national assembly to protect our generation from the disease as the legislation will bound the girl and boy before their marriage to get their blood tested to identify the genes of thalassaemia, he said and added that the government had already formed a steering committee to think over the issue but it is being considered as delay tactics. Dr Zahid Hasan Ansari said that with financial and technical assistance of German government our federal government was going to set up 7 blood transfusion centres in different cities of the country at a cost of 7 million euros. SSUET students develop device for visually handicapped The students of Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology have developed a Braille system that works on the basis of micro-controller. The Microcontroller-based Braille system is a tacticle communication mode that uses the mobile and other mechanical devices to enable visually handicapped children or adults to read from a portable device. According to details revealed, the system's component parts include a Portable Braille Pad, a control unit and a Mobile. The system developers claimed that current cell technology is expensive but their project researched less costly alternatives resulting in the development of own cell using solenoids. They said the main concern for their project is how a blind person read SMS from his mobile and for this purpose, they have designed a Braille Pad in which 8 Braille Cells have been connected in parallel on which a blind can read words one by one with a button given for next and previous word.