ISLAMABAD - Ambassador of Republic of Korea, commonly known as South Korea, Choong Joo Choi and Mrs. Choong Joo Choi arranged a reception to mark the National Foundation Day and the Armed Forces day here at the Embassy on Wednesday. Federal Minister for Water and Power Chaudhry Ahmed Mukhtar was the chief guest. PML-Q Chief Senator Ch Shujaat Hussain and Senator Mushahid Hussain Sayed also attended the reception among others guests. The reception started with of national anthems of the two countries.

The Republic of Korea celebrates October 3 as National Day to mark the creation the state of Gojoseon (ancient Korea) was founded by Dangun Wanggeom in the year 2333 BC. Gaecheon (or “Opening of Heaven”) refers to 3 October B.C. 2457, the date when Hwanung descended from heaven to live with mankind. The harvest ceremony was celebrated in each Korean kingdoms; Yeonggo of Buyeo, Mucheon of Yemaek, Gyeeum of Mahan and Byeonhan, Dongmaeng of Goguryeo, Palgwanheoi of Silla.

In 1909, Gaecheonjeol was enacted as a national holiday. The festival is held annually. At first, Gaecheonjeol had been celebrated on the 3rd day of the 10th month on the lunar calendar but it has been celebrated on 3 October on the solar (Gregorian) calendar since 1949.

While the Armed Forces Day of the Republic of Korea falls on 1 October, the day that South-Korean forces broke through the 38th parallel in 1950 during the Korean War. It is not a national holiday or public day off, but a National Flag Raising Day to recognizes and honor the military forces of the Republic of Korea. The Republic of Korea Army, Hanja Revised Romanization: Daehanminguk Yuk-gun is the largest of the military branches of the South Korean armed forces with 520,000 members as of 2011. This size is maintained through conscription; South Korean men must complete 21 months of military service between the age of 18 and 35. The Republic of Korea maintains a well-equipped army, making it one of the most powerful in Asia. Its primary function is to defend the country’s terrain from enemies, most notably North Korea.