Secretary Commerce Salman Ghani has told the National Assembly Standing Committee on Trade that the Afghan Transit Trade would not give admission to Indian goods, because they would only be smuggled, and because this would affect Pakistans international trade. He had been called by the Committee to give it a briefing on the ongoing negotiations on an agreement to replace the present one on expiry. He said that Pakistan would not agree to any goods from India using the Afghan Transit Trade route, because they would only end up being smuggled into Pakistan. However, the fifth round of talks would start in Islamabad from the 19th of this month. He said there was also an Afghan request to Pakistan to include airports, but the Pakistani side had refused because of the difficulties that would be created because of problems in customs clearance. He said that apart from Chaman and Torkham, new checkposts were being built at Ghulam Khan. That Indian trade with Afghanistan (which India sees as exports) should flow through Pakistan under the aegis of transit trade has been an old Indian dream. Yet, until India proves that it can behave as a good neighbour, most notably by allowing a solution of the Kashmir dispute in accordance with the wishes of the Kashmiri people, Pakistan cannot in all fairness be expected to allow itself to be used. Indian ties with Afghanistan are based on enmity for Pakistan, which it constantly tries to destabilise, using Afghan territory, as at present. What has been more dangerous has been the backing that India has received from the USA. With the USA in Afghanistan, the idea of Afghan transit trade through Pakistan including Indian goods bears its imprint. With the governments penchant for obeying all American ideas, it was thought that the upcoming agreement would include this. However, the reluctance of the Pakistani negotiating team was probably based on a realisation that caving in would mean sacrificing too many of Pakistans interests.