“You cannot even hammer a nail at an archaeological site."

–Farzand Masih, head of the Department of Archaeology at Punjab University, January 31, 2014.

This image is from a hitherto unknown box of 63 images in Sir Mortimer Wheeler's personal collection from excavations he led at Mohenjo Daro in 1950. It shows the then head excavator with the whole team - mostly comprised of locals. Despite the primitive tools, Mohenjo Daro has been extensively and carefully excavated. The ancient metropolis' internal structure, religion, and cultural practices have been pieced together more comprehensively by excavations made after partition, although work had commenced under British rule. Despite being one of the three "cradles of civilisation" among with Mesopotamia and the Nile Valley - the three ancient sites where the first civilisations blossomed, very little is known about the Indus Valley Civilisation, partly because interest in excavation soon ran out. In 1990 research was suspended and funds withheld, and although it was re-continued in 1997 the budget was far lower. Today UNESCO funds most of the Bill. After being transferred to the province of Sindh the site suffered more neglect; especially with the Sindh Festival held there under the PPP with subjected the site to operational hazards such as drilling and construction. Today, Mohenjo Daro along with Harrapa - once a national source of pride - lies forgotten.