The war in Afghanistan was launched almost 8 years ago and there is no hope of an end to it as Taliban have already taken 70% of the Afghan territory now. US has spent billions of dollars on this war without realizing the basic fact that faith is not something physical that can be eliminated by bullets or bombs. The only way to bring about a change is through education for which the US government has spent almost nothing in Afghanistan or in the tribal belt. The US has also failed to learn the lesson of history that Pakhtuns would give their lives away but never surrender to the enemy no matter what the cost may be. -DR IRFAN ZAFAR, Islamabad, via e-mail, December 29.