“Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.”

–UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The constitution of Pakistan guarantees that any individual charged with any allegation would be considered an innocent until proved guilty in a fair trial. However, in Pakistan, this rule is difficult to be implemented socially, especially, in the case of blasphemy laws. Unfortunately, more than 1300 people have been accused of blasphemy between 1987 and 2017, and many have been persecuted prior to a judicial hearing. In many cases, the alleged individual has not committed blasphemy. Murder of Mashal Khan and Governor Punjab Salman Taseer are the recent and widely known examples.

Constitutionally, the state of Pakistan is supposed not only to uphold the Islamic living style in the country but also promoting the Islamic values. Whereas killing anyone without a fair trial is against the Islamic values, the state is not able to implement its will in this regard.