The role of the state is crucial in making sure an identity of Pakistan is formed appropriately, and that all ethnicities can find comfort in this identity. Sadly, this has not been the case. An Akbar-era Pashto warrior of the Yousafzai tribe, Kalu Khan, has been portrayed as a dacoit in the class ninth English textbook of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Textbook Board, leading to an outcry by locals and historians of the province.

Kalu Khan is still remembered in glowing terms locally, and recently people of Kalu Khan union council, and its suburbs, staged a protest demonstration and blocked the Swabi-Mardan road to express their anger over alleged distortion of a Pashtoon hero. Malak Kalu Khan had challenged the authority of Mughal Emperor Akbar, when he incinerated the standing crops of Pashtoon tribes in Sawabi and Mardan and gained a mythic reputation. Kalu Khan had a great contribution in battles against Mughal emperor Akbar. Non-Pashtoon people at the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Textbook Board, being unfamiliar with the local heroes, have portrayed Mughals as the only heroes of this soil.

Severe punishment for those who are misguiding the students by wrongly portraying prominent Pashtoons as bandits, has been demanded. Moreover, several historians have added that if action was not taken against the responsible persons, such blunders will happen in the future also. Such instances of blatantly distorting the truth are plenty. In Pakistan, the developing truth can be seen as a closed system, one that is affirmed through state owned television, radio, newspapers and textbooks. Using certain practices, that range from education, to learning a certain language, traditions and myths are selectively proposed which glorify local customs and culture, excluding people who deviate from this norm. Such distortions are a symptom of a simple minded intelligencia that sees history in terms of the good guys versus the bad guys and inhibits the construction of a pluralistic identity.