KARACHI - Terming the biased syllabus as chief reason behind radicalisation of Pakistani youth and deteriorating education quality, the National Commission for Justice and Peace (NCJP) and Pakistan Institute of Labour Education & Research (PILER) on Wednesday demanded changes in the curriculum by removing the chapters encouraging hatred against religious minorities. Archbishop Joseph Coutts, Peter Jacob, Karamat Ali of PILER and former law minister and president Forum for Secular Pakistan while addressing a joint press conference at Karachi Press Club launched an NCJP Study ‘Taleem ya Nafrat ki Aabiyari’ (Education or fanatic literacy). The study examined 22 textbooks for the academic year 2012-13, under use in the provinces of Punjab and Sindh for grades 1–10. There are 55 chapters containing hate against Hindus, India, and Christians, insulting remarks against the minority religions and distorted historical facts.Besides showing the evidence and trends of religious biases in the textbooks under use from class 1-10, in Punjab and Sindh, the study identifies biases against the religious minorities in Pakistan in the education policy itself eg, no alternative for studying faiths other than majority religion, extra marks only for showing proficiency in majority religious scripture.The speakers said that the textbooks heavily rely on the rhetoric that “Hindus” opposed while “Muslims” favoured creation of Pakistan. That during partition only Muslims faced violent attacks, loss of life and property, whereas Muslims did not take part in this bloodshed. The whole treatment and arrangement of textbooks is visibly discriminatory against non-Muslim citizens of Pakistan, violating Articles 18, 20, 22 and 25, in particular.The study showed that hate-based material in Punjab textbooks increased in 2012–13, while in 2009 there were 45 hate speeches in the books, the number increased to 122 in 2012-13. Most of the hate based material is carried by the textbooks of Urdu and Pakistan Study of grade 7–10, they said.During the academic year 2009-11 in Sindh, 11 lessons carried hate material which increased to 22 lessons in 2012–13. They noted biased syllabus as chief reason behind radicalisation of Pakistani youth and deteriorating education quality. The civil society organs raised voice on this issue of vital importance however successive governments turned a deaf ear to the voice of sanity. The recent education policy in 2009 also ignored the issue while the provincial Text Book Boards especially in Punjab and Sindh even enhanced the hate materials in syllabus in 2012. They underlined the need of serious reforms in the education sector in general and curriculum policy in particular. Biases and preferences based on religion and belief in the syllabus were seen as divisive.  For achieving the goal of quality education and for building a peaceful society, they emphasised that the education and curriculum policies should be reviewed to incorporate a clear direction for removing lessons and subjects discriminatory and inflammatory against the minority faiths / religions. Moreover a group of independent historians should be assigned to stem out distortion of historical facts in the textbooks.They also recommended that the subjects other than religious studies should not have lessons and exercises about religion or should be inclusive of other religions without discrimination and bias against any one.In their recommendations, the speakers further suggested that arrangements should be made for students belonging to Hindu, Christian, Sikh and other religious groups to study their own religions in lieu of ethics as a substitute of Islamic Studies.Either no preference should be given, such as extra marks for Hafiz-e- Quran or an equal treatment to students belonging to all religions should be ensured, they concluded.