KARACHI (APP) - Advisor to Sindh Chief Minister Sharmila Farooqui has said that in ravages caused by wars, women and children are most affected. In a world where women are not considered equal to men, armed conflicts impacts men and women in a fundamentally different way. She expressed these views while speaking as chief guest at a seminar on Impacts of conflict situation on women and children, held under the auspices of Aurat Foundation here at a local hotel. She was of the view that general category rules which does not take the reality about women, cannot respond to the situations faced by them adequately. She pointed out that over 4/5th of all war affected refugees are women and young children who also experience different types of violence during their flight from war zones. Sharmila said plight of women and children are inextricably linked to each other as the lives of children are jeopardized when the lives of women are not protected and where their efforts and contributions for peace building are under-reported marginalized and undermined. She said that in times of armed conflicts, the disintegration of families and communities, the women and girls especially are vulnerable to violence. Rape is a continued threat, as are other forms of gender-based violence, including prostitution, sex humiliation, trafficking etc. The Advisor pointed out that armed conflicts always cause population migration. Children who are forced to flee to neighbouring countries as refugees, or who become internally displaced within, need special attention during armed conflict. Displacement is a profound physical, emotional impact on children and increases their vulnerability. Of the worlds estimated 27 million refugees and 30 million displaced people, 80 percent are women and children, she added. Sharmila said an enormous effort is required to address psychological, physiological and emotional issues due to impact of conflicts on women and children. It is essential to ensure recovery of children, their growth and development and to mitigate the affects of armed conflict, she said and added that process of rescue and relief has to be followed diligently to ensure that children does not fall back into combat. In this regard she stressed on engaging the civil society, students, teachers, youth and media.