LONDON (APP) - Underscoring the importance of peace in South Asia, Chief of Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam (Fazl) Maulana Fazlur Rehman Wednesday said this was possible only through dialogue and mutual understanding of the problems in the region. In his talk on 'Peace in South Asia at the International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS) here, Fazl termed Kashmir and Afghanistan as the two outstanding issues standing in the way of peace in South Asia. He said while Pakistan and India, having fought three wars, have realized that dialogues were the only way forward towards resolving the issue of Kashmir. He said the Western powers resorted to war in Afghanistan as a mean of settling the Afghan issue. Having fought for 10 long years and spent billions of dollars, the United States now want a peaceful way out of Afghanistan, he added. The Maulana said the current issue in Afghanistan was a legacy of the Soviet Union occupation of the land-locked country. They have now been replaced by the American and NATO forces with the same designs and strategy as of the Russians, he added. He mentioned that in the last 60 years, the situation in South Asia had been looked upon in the perspective of Indo-Pakistan relations but today the issue of Afghanistan had added to the list of problems facing the region. We are still endeavouring to resolve the Kashmir issue when the Afghanistan was thrust upon us which has aggravated the situation and caused more blood shedding. He impressed upon the West to combine its modern technology with the human resources of South Asia to seek peace in the region and enable the people to progress and develop and improve their standard of living. The Maulana said it was a paradox that while West wanted India and Pakistan to resolve the Kashmir issue bilaterally and through dialogues, yet it was trying to resolve the Afghanistan matter through the means of war. The JUI-F chief said Pakistan had become the strategic partner of US but ironically its own territory was bombed regularly through drone attacks by the Americans, yet the US wanted Pakistan to do more. He said there was a lack of confidence in the US-Pakistan ties. He was of the view that due to international pressure, Parliament resolution on drone attacks could not be implemented. He rejected the impression that Pakistani religious parties were fanning extremism and said on the contrary they desired peace in the region and had opposed the US policies in Afghanistan from the day one. He said the term 'war on terrorism was being used by US and had nothing to do with the people of the region who desire peace and tranquility. Fazl pointed out that the announcement of the gradual withdrawal of both US and UK troops from Afghanistan had clearly shown that the leadership of these two countries realized that the war in Afghanistan was unwinnable and the best recourse was peace through dialogues.The news of peace talks with the Taliban is a strong indication in this regard, he added. Rahul Roy Chaudhry, senior fellow, South Asia, IISS, moderated the event.