TAXES

Hillary Clinton wants to address income inequality through increased taxes on the wealthy. She has called for a 4% surtax on incomes over $5m, a boost in the capital gains tax, treating “carried interest” income earned by hedge fund managers as income and not capital gains, the closing of “tax loopholes” for the wealthy and an increase in the estate tax. She has also called for higher tax breaks for healthcare and education spending for middle-class families. According to an analysis by the Tax Policy Center, the top 1% would pay for roughly three-quarters of Mrs Clinton’s tax increases.

 

TAXES

According to an analysis from the conservative Tax Foundation, Donald Trump’s latest plan would cost the US government about $5.9 trillion in revenue over 10 years, about half as much as the proposal he set out last September. Mr Trump’s current plan includes reducing the number of tax brackets from seven to three, cutting corporate taxes, eliminating the estate tax and increasing the standard deduction for individual filers. According to the Tax Foundation analysis, the top 1% of earners would see their income increase by double-digits, while the bottom quarter gets a boost of up to 1.9%.

IMMIGRATION

Hillary Clinton has said she wants to continue and expand upon President Barack Obama’s unilateral executive actions normalising the immigration status of long-term undocumented residents of the US and their families (some of which have been suspended by US courts). She has called for comprehensive immigration reform that includes a means for undocumented immigrants to obtain permanent legal residency and, eventually, US citizenship. She opposes privately run detention facilities and has said a wall is a “dumb way” to ensure border security. 

IMMIGRATION

This is Donald Trump’s signature issue. Despite critics who call it unaffordable and unrealistic, the Republican has stood by his call to build an impenetrable wall along the 2,000-plus-mile US-Mexico border. He has also called for reductions in legal immigration, ending President Barack Obama’s executive actions deferring deportation proceedings for undocumented migrants, and more stringent efforts to reduce the number of these migrants living in the US.

The candidate has backed away from earlier calls for the forced deportation of the more than 11 million undocumented migrants living on US soil and temporarily closing the US border to all Muslims - but not dropped them.

FOREIGN POLICY

During her tenure as a US senator and secretary of state, Clinton earned a reputation as a foreign policy hawk. She supported the US war in Iraq - a position which she says she now regrets - and was one of the leading Obama administration advocates for the US air campaign in Libya. She has called on the US to take on an expanded role in fighting the so-called Islamic State in Syria. She also supports arming Kurdish peshmerga fighters. Clinton supports a continued US military presence in Afghanistan, and firmly backs the US role in Nato.

FOREIGN POLICY

Donald Trump has criticised the Iraq War and other US military action in the Middle East. He has called for closer relations with Vladimir Putin’s Russia and says the US must make allies in Europe and Asia shoulder a greater share of the expense for their national defence and emphasises that US foreign policy must always prioritise American interests. On the other hand, Mr Trump has also taken a hard-line stance toward combating IS and has even at times asserted the US should commit tens of thousands of ground troops to the fight.

TRADE DEALS

Hillary Clinton once called the Trans-Pacific Partnership the “gold standard” for international trade agreements. Her husband, Bill Clinton, oversaw the passage of Nafta during his first term in the White House. With public sentiment turning against free trade deals, however, Mrs Clinton has backed away from her earlier support. She has said she now opposes TPP and the Central American Free Trade Agreement as they are currently formulated.

“We have to trade with the rest of the world,” she said during a primary debate in February. “But we have failed to provide the basic safety net support that American workers need in order to be able to compete and win in the global economy.”

TRADE DEALS

Once upon a time, Republicans were the party of unfettered free trade. Trump has changed all that. He says he is not opposed to trade in principle, any trade deals have to protect US industry. He is firmly against the Trans-Pacific Partnership and said he will re-open negotiations on already signed pacts.

REFUGEES

Hillary Clinton has called for an increase in the number of Syrian refugees resettled in the US from the current 10,000 annual level to 65,000 - which, Mr Trump likes to point out, is a 550% increase. She cautions that the refugees should be “carefully vetted”, but notes that current procedures already involve a multi-year application process and refugees do not know in which nation they will be settled.

 She says the US has a history of welcoming those fleeing oppression and violence, which she wants to continue.

REFUGEES

Trump has been warning that the US policy of admitting refugees from certain regions - the Middle East or, Muslim nations - presents a serious threat to US national security. He has called for the US to suspend resettling refugees until “extreme vetting” procedures can be implemente.

LAW AND ORDER

Hillary Clinton has spoken out against “mass incarceration” and mandatory minimum sentences and said that there is still racial bias in police departments that must be addressed. She supports laws prohibiting racial profiling and wants to emphasise rehabilitation over long prison sentences for non-violent drug offenders. She says policies allowing police to “stop and frisk” those they suspect of illegal activity have proven ineffective.

LAW AND ORDER

Violence and lawlessness is out of control in the US, according to Donald Trump. He says law enforcement agencies are unable to fight crime because of runaway “political correctness” and says they should be allowed to get tough on offenders. He says police profiling is necessary to prevent terrorist attacks on US soil. He supports “stop and frisk”, claiming the policy was highly successful in New York, even though many experts disagree.

CLIMATE CHANGE

Hillary Clinton wants to address income inequality through increased taxes on the wealthy. She has called for a 4% surtax on incomes over $5m, a boost in the capital gains tax, treating “carried interest” income earned by hedge fund managers as income and not capital gains, the closing of “tax loopholes” for the wealthy and an increase in the estate tax. She has also called for higher tax breaks for healthcare and education spending for middle-class families. According to an analysis by the Tax Policy Center, the top 1% would pay for roughly three-quarters of Mrs Clinton’s tax increases. Hillary Clinton is largely in the mainstream of the Democratic Party on environmental issues.

She says climate change is a threat to American security, supports stringent regulation of the energy industry, and opposes expanded drilling in Alaska and the construction of the Keystone oil pipeline from Canada. She has rankled some environmentalists, however, by refusing to back a moratorium on the extraction of oil from shale deposits through the process known as fracking.

CLIMATE CHANGE

Donald Trump has issued no position statements on environmental issues on his website. In speeches and debates, however, he has said he opposes what he views as economically damaging environmental regulations backed by “political activists with extreme agendas”. He says he supports clean water and air, but wants to slash funding to the Environmental Protection Agency. He has also called man-made climate change “a hoax” and said he would “cancel” the Paris Agreement and other international efforts to address the issue.                              –BBC