The phenomena of brinkmanship and sabre-rattling are back in business after a brief hiatus. Instead of carrying on a thorough probe into the carnage that struck the financial capital of India, Mumbai, and waiting for the results, the Indian authorities have once again, being true to their colours, indulged in finger-pointing at Pakistan without any cogent evidence in this regard. In doing so, they have been completely oblivious to the axiom that "when you point a finger at someone, there are three fingers pointing back at you." The only lead on which the Indian authorities rely to substantiate their claim is the capture of the lone surviving terrorist, Ajmal Amir Kasab, who allegedly hails from a village of Faridkot, and who, according to the Indian Police, has named some top operatives of Lashkar-i-Taiba as having orchestrated the plot. There are already speculations in the media as to "the misplaced hype about Faridkot." The Indian media, firstly, has so far avoided mentioning that there is also a town with the same name in the Indian state of Punjab; and secondly it is not even sure whether the alleged attacker is named Ajmal Amir Kamal, Muhammad Ajmal, Muhammad Amin Kasab, Azam Amir Kasav or Azam Amir Kasab. In the wake of all these uncertainties as to the identity and origin of the alleged terrorist, blaming Pakistan or Pakistan-based groups is not only ludicrous hut also shows the ulterior motives of India. There is no other proof as such which could incriminate the State of Pakistan or any Pakistani-based militant group or individual. The recent Indian demand of extradition of 20 or so alleged terrorists, including Dawood Ibrahim, Maulana Masood Azhar, neither contains any new names, nor is it backed by any concrete evidence of a possible connection of the named 'terrorists' with the Mumbai massacre. Moreover, the story concocted by the Indian media that the terrorists had come to Mumbai from Karachi through sea is, to say the least, preposterous, as it does not elaborate on how did the terrorists manage to evade the state of the art surveillance system that is put in place by the Indian Navy for such kind of eventualities - more so when they were warned before-hand by American intelligence agencies of a possible attack on Mumbai through sea. How mind boggling is the fact that the surveillance system that captures thousands of innocent fishermen on a slightest of drift to Indian waters, could not catch the terrorists who were to wreak havoc in Mumbai. One fails to comprehend that how come the Indian media and establishment has, without a full inquiry into this macabre incident, held Pakistani based groups and individuals culpable; or ruled out the involvement of any home-grown groups. Besides, no one in the Indian government and media is gracious enough to admit the bitter fact that it was a complete intelligence failure on part of the plethora of Indian intelligence agencies, whose duty, inter alia, is to pre-empt this kind of reprehensible occurrences. Again, the basic reason for the collective failure of these agencies is the fact that they have overwhelmingly focused on militant groups based out of India, especially in Pakistan, and in this process completely overlooked their own homegrown militant entities, which have spread like wild fire through the length and breadth of India. According to some media reports, at least 231 of the India's 608 districts are currently afflicted by various insurgent and terrorist movements. Basically, India has, over the past five decades, been up against three distinct types of militancy: Left-wing extremist, separatist and religious. Left-wing extremist groups that, in the past, have engaged in terrorist activity include, among others, Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) - also called Naxalites, which operates in at least 15 Indian states, and Communist Party of India (Marxist Leninist) Janashakti, which has presence in three states. These organisations share their belief in the 'annihilation of class enemies' and in extreme violence as a means to secure organisational goals. Keeping all this in mind, the current attacks on the hotels hosting westerners, who are strong proponents of the capitalist ideology, could be the mastermind by any of these left-wing groups, who are working day-in day-out for a 'communist revolution' in India. Moreover, there are at least 36 known separatist groups in India, which have been involved in anti-state activities in the past, and could have perpetrated the recent attacks on the city of Mumbai as well. They include United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) in Assam; People's Liberation Army in Manipur; People's Liberation Front of Meghalava; and Arunachal Dragon Force etc. The involvement of any Hindu or Muslim extremist group or radicalised individuals - like the serving Indian army colonel involved in the attack on Samjhauta Express - based in India cannot be ruled out. Hindu extremist or nationalist groups, like Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), have time and again, attacked the western interests and their places of worships - most recent being the persecution of the Christians in India. The RSS connection cannot be condoned, given the fact that RSS's benefactor, Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP), could earn a lot of political mileage by the attacks in the election year, which it ultimately did, as depicted by the large-scale "only we can save India from terrorism" advertisements published by it in the Indian dailies. There is also the possibility of the involvement of Kashmiri 'militants' or 'Muslim' extremist group; a little known 'Muslim' extremist group responsible for past attacks in Mumbai, Deccan mujahdeen, has already taken the responsibility for the Mumbai attacks - a disclosure that has been thenceforth hushed up the Indian media. Global intelligence officials have corroborated the fact that the clues so far point to home-grown Indian terrorists; but the Indian media and more importantly the government has so far miserably failed to attend to this aspect of the whole tragedy, wittingly or unwittingly, making Pakistan a scapegoat in the process. The fact, however, remains that until and unless the investigation agencies widen the ambit of their probe and involve the homegrown militant groups into it, there is not going to be any success in tracing the origins of this ghastly act of terrorism. As far as Pakistan is concerned, there is a dire need of a more offensive policy vis--vis India, in which we should be able to not only point out the internal weaknesses of the Indian polity but also share information with the Indian counterparts as to the suspected involvement of India in the terrorists' attacks in Pakistan. In this regard, the recently held All Parties' Conference in Islamabad, in which all political parties of Pakistan reached a rare consensus, is a forward step, which could go a long way in countering the anti-Pakistan sentiment being peddled by the global as well as the Indian media. The writer is a corporate lawyer based in Lahore E-mail: