ISLAMABAD - Like Pakistan, which is under immense US pressure for the release of Raymond Davis these days, Singapore, Japan and Italy had confronted similar kind of situations and in spite of enjoying cordial relations with United States, these states withstood all the US pressure to convict and sentence the accused American nationals. The Japanese government withstood intense US pressure in the Okinawa rape incident whereby three US army officers in Okinawa, an island controlled by Japan, had raped a 12-year-old Japanese girl on September 4, 1995. The victim was reportedly tortured with her eyes duct-taped and hands bound. This incident led to public outrage in Japan. Under the US-Japan Status of Forces Agreement, the US had the right of extra-territoriality (exemption from jurisdiction of local law). The US initially took the men into custody but later handed them over to Japanese law enforcement agencies for trial. The US Navy seaman Marcus Gill and US marine Rodrico Harp were sentenced to seven years while third accused US marine Kendrick Ledet received six and a half years in Japanese courts. Their families also paid reparation money to the victims family, as per traditional practice in Japan. The three men served prison terms in Japanese prisons and were released in 2003 and then given dishonourable discharge from the US military. The case in Italy involved CIA agents operating in Italy in violation of the Italian laws. In June 2005, an Italian judge issued a warrant for the arrest of 13 persons said to be agents or operatives of the CIA. In December 2005, a European Union arrest warrant was issued against 22 CIA agents suspected of kidnapping. As many as 26 EU arrest warrants against US citizens in this connection have so far been issued including those issued to four US nationals. On November 4, 2009, 22 suspected CIA agents were convicted.Michael Peter Fay an American national was sentenced to caning in Singapore as an 18-year-old in 1994 for theft and vandalism. The official position of the US Government was that while it recognised Singapores right to try and punish Fay under due process of law, it deemed the punishment of caning as excessive for a teenager committing a non-violent crime. The then US President Bill Clinton called the punishment extreme and mistaken and reportedly pressurised the Singaporean Government to grant Peter clemency. Singapore Government withstood all the pressure and Fays punishment was carried out. The United States Trade Representative even threatened Singapore that it would prevent the World Trade Organisations first ministerial meeting from taking place in Singapore. The Singapore government pointed out that Singaporeans who break the law faced the same punishments as Fay did. The US double-murder accused Raymond Davis case bears relevance with the Vienna Convention on Consular relations 1963. The convention does not give any immunity to consular and technical staff of a consular mission in case of grave crimes like murder. Whether Pakistan withstands the US pressure and allows justice to take place in Raymonds case the way independent and sovereign countries do, would be determined in the days ahead.