NEW DELHI (Agencies) - Echoing President Ronald Reagan's plea to the Soviet Union to "tear down the Berlin Wall", former Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf on Saturday exhorted India to "tear down the Line of Control". "This is another Berlin Wall," Musharraf said of the 700-km-long LoC, "it needs to be torn down." Musharraf was speaking at the packed grand finale of the India Today Conclave, his first public speaking appearance since stepping down from office last year. The former president called for peaceful relations between Pakistan and India to allow them to fight terrorism more effectively. "We must realise we are the victims of terrorism and extremism and we must go for solutions together," Musharraf said. "Terrorism has to be defeated... in the world, in Pakistan and in India," he said. He said he believed "the dream of peace" is possible between the neighbours. But he added the two sides needed to build trust and that Kashmir, which was a key issue, needed to be resolved swiftly. The former president said both sides needed to be bold to confront the main challenges - "the curse of terrorism and extremism", poverty, underdevelopment and hostility between the two countries. Both must avoid "whipping up war hysteria and creating hatred in the public because of any terrorist attack that may have taken place," he said. Borrowing from John Lennon, the former dictator made a strong plea for giving peace a chance, identifying three key unresolved issues between the two countries: Jammu and Kashmir, Siachen and the Sir Creek dispute. In an extempore speech peppered with anecdotes of his eight-year reign, Musharraf painted a scenario of the peace dividends which could accrue if both countries settled disputes - tourism, economic prosperity and access to Central Asia and Iran. "The 19th century was the European century, the 20th century was the American century and the 21st century is the Asian century," he emphasised while speaking on "Challenge of Change" at the conclave organised here by the India Today news magazine, adding that the three most serious challenges facing the two countries were the curse of terrorism and extremism, poverty and hostility between the two countries. "Kashmir remains the key dispute," the General emphasised, stating how the struggle had created several freelance Mujahideen groups within Pakistan because there was public sympathy within that country for Kashmiris. A peaceful struggle in Kashmir, he said, had turned violent. The two countries had the worst social indicators in the world, and were plagued by backwardness and illiteracy. "The situation demands bold and affirmative action. We must overcome the burden of history to move forward and work for the future and cooperate to rise together. For the sake of the toiling masses of the two countries," he said. India and Pakistan had "done enough damage to each other", he said - they had fought three wars, a number of "mini-wars" and had a cold war throughout. "Unless boldness is there, sincerity or meaningfulness is not possible. Solutions are possible if our 'neeyat' (intention) is correct," he emphasised, refusing to translate the operative word because the translation did not convey it came from the heart. The former military ruler accused Indian agencies of fomenting trouble in Pakistan. He evaded a direct reply to a query on shielding underworld don Dawood Ibrahim in Pakistan as also the presence of camps in his country. He also claimed that India's Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) were helping militants based in Afghanistan spread trouble in Pakistan. "We have to accept the reality. Your RAW does exactly what the ISI (Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence) does. My request is let us tackle RAW and ISI to stop this confrontation," he said. "Both ISI and RAW must stop their confrontationist path," he said in his characteristically blunt remarks. He also claimed that the Kashmir issue was not created by Pakistan. "It started in 1947 as a peaceful struggle. It was not started by Pakistan in 1989," Musharraf said. "The past has been dirty. But we should stop the blame game and move beyond history," he said. "We must have done tremendous damage to each other." Making a strong pitch for lasting peace between India and Pakistan, Musharraf asked the leadership of the two countries "to overcome the burden of history" by grasping the "fleeting opportunity" to resolve key disputes like Kashmir. Calling for "an attitudinal change" among people and the governments for better relations, Musharraf urged the two countries to move beyond "the burden of history" and jointly combat common problems like extremism and terrorism. "We must overcome the burden of history and move forward. The path of peace is the right course to adapt for India, Pakistan, the region and the world," he said. Pointing to the curse of extremism and terrorism that afflict both countries, Musharraf said he had come to India to prove a point that extremists would not be allowed to create obstacles in the path of peace between the two countries. "I was advised against coming to India and against the negative reaction of extremists on both sides. I came here to prove a point that extremists must not have their way," he said. "We the moderates must stand for the resolution of all disputes and issues between them. We must not allow extremists to create obstacles in the path of peace," he stressed. "We have to resolve Kashmir. The resolution of dispute means give and take," Musharraf said. "The political leaderships of both countries must grasp the fleeting opportunity and bring peace to the region. These opportunities are not going to be there all the time." Linking the festering Kashmir dispute with terrorism, he said: "There is an emotional involvement of Pakistanis with people of Kashmir. Therefore, this has given rise to dozens of freelance Mujahideen groups and increasing militancy in Pakistan society. "It certainly needs to be controlled but the task of controlling these groups is very difficult and dispute resolution is the only permanent solution. We must go for it," he added. "We have to show the courage to reconcile and compromise," he stated. "We should also address the core issues of terrorism and extremism together. We have to have a clear and realistic understanding of the root causes of terrorism. Addressing the root causes of terrorism holds the key." "We have to adopt a holistic approach to eliminating terrorism and extremism. We should have the courage and wisdom to write a new chapter in peace and mutually beneficial cooperation. Pakistan can't be coerced; they can't live with coercion. India has to show magnanimity and humility. One can't be a large country with a small heart," he said. "We must stop meddling in each other and we should start back channel. I stand for peace, for the sake of the whole world which considers our region a nuclear flashpoint. I stand for peace in the South Asian region where progress and development is tied to harmony between India and Pakistan." "I stand for peace for the sake of our future generations to whom we owe a better life and a better environment," he maintained.