US President Donald Trump toured the Forbidden City with Chinese leader Xi Jinping on Wednesday as he began the crucial leg of an Asian tour intended to build a global front against North Korea 's nuclear threats.
After warning the North's 'cruel dictatorship' in a speech in Seoul against testing the United States, Trump and First Lady Melania Trump were met by Xi and his wife Peng Liyuan for tea at the former imperial palace.
The genial gathering will be followed on Thursday by a full day of thorny talks, with Trump looking to prod Xi into doing more to squeeze North Korea economically and to address China 's massive trade surplus with the United States.
Trump 's use of the term 'political victory' for the outcome of last month's Communist Party congress was seen by analysts as a conciliatory move before tough talks.
'He's laying it on thick to put Xi in a good mood because he will have unpleasant things to tell him,' said Jean-Pierre Cabestan, China politics specialist at Hong Kong Baptist University.
Xi has prepared an extravagant 'state visit-plus' for Trump , who was greeted by children waving US and Chinese flags at the airport. He was treated to a Peking Opera performance at the Forbidden City.
Xi said during the tour that he expected Trump 's visit to yield 'positive and important' results.
The US leader has brought a business delegation and 19 deals worth a total $9 billion were signed on Wednesday.
But they may not be enough to allay US concerns about China 's massive trade surplus with the United States, which narrowed in October but remained high at a monthly $26.6 billion.
North Korean cult
'You cannot support, you cannot supply, you cannot accept,' he said, urging China and Russia to fully implement UN sanctions, downgrade diplomatic relations and sever all trade and technology ties.
'There are still some financial links that exist that should not under those (UN) resolutions... We're going to work closely with the Chinese to identify that activity and end it,' the official said.
'At the centre of this military cult is a deranged belief in the leader's destiny to rule as parent protector over a conquered Korean peninsula and an enslaved Korean people.'
South Korean lawmakers applauded as the US president, whose tour of Asia has been dominated by the nuclear-armed North, vowed not to be intimidated and warned Pyongyang it should not test American resolve.
The North carried out its sixth, and most powerful, nuclear test in September, and has fired dozens of missiles in recent months.
Two have overflown Japan, and Pyongyang says it can mount a nuclear warhead on a rocket to bring the US mainland within range.
'We will not permit America or our allies to be blackmailed or attacked,' Trump said.
Trump had to abandon a surprise visit to the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) that divides the two Koreas because of bad weather, leaving him 'pretty frustrated' according to the White House.
South Korean President Moon Jae-In, who had flown earlier before fog closed in, was left waiting for him at the border, which bristles with electric fences, minefields and anti-tank barriers.
The Kim dynasty, which has ruled for decades, has been accused of committing a range of rights abuses including torture, rape and execution of perceived critics or those trying to flee the country.
It is also known to operate prison camps where hundreds of thousands languish under forced labour, and its 25 million people are cut off from the outside world.
In what he said was a direct message to the young leader, Trump told him: 'North Korea is not the paradise your grandfather envisioned. It is a hell that no person deserves.'
'Yet despite every crime you have committed against God and man, we will offer a path towards a much better future.'
It would have to begin, though, with the North stopping ballistic missile development, Trump said, and 'complete verifiable and total denuclearisation'.