AFP
PARIS-A billion-dollar star-hunting telescope slotted into its operational orbit Wednesday prior to harvesting data for the most detailed map yet of the Milky Way, the European Space Agency (ESA) said.
The telescope, Gaia, was launched from ESA’s base in French Guiana three weeks ago, then journeyed towards L2, a gravitationally stable point in space some 1.5 million kilometres (900,000 miles) from Earth.
After a final manoeuvre Wednesday, Gaia settled into a 180-day orbit around L2, the ESA statement said. A small course correction will be made next week to complete the positioning manoeuvre.
“Entering orbit around L2 is a rather complex endeavour, achieved by firing Gaia’s thrusters in such a way as to push the spacecraft in the desired direction whilst keeping the Sun away from the delicate science instruments,” said spacecraft operations manager David Milligan.
The instruments on board the 740-million-euro ($1.02-billion) device, the most sophisticated space telescope ever built by Europe, will now be tested and calibrated for another four months, before entering the five-year operational phase. Gaia is scheduled to collect data on a billion stars, charting their positions and motion, temperature, luminosity and composition.