MUZAFFARABAD - Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani Prime Minister of Pakistan has announced Rs 200 billion allocation for massive Muzaffarabad City Development, Bagh City Development and Rawalakot City Development Programmes in order to carry out works related to rehabilitation of civil population and reconstruction of infrastructure in the three quake-hit areas/ cities. This exhilarating announcement was made in the message of Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani which was read out by Ch Qamar Zaman Kaira, Minister for Kashmir Affairs here on Wednesday at a solemn but dignified ceremony which was held at a local hotel to observe the third earthquake anniversary. Under the massive development programme of the three cities the reconstruction of 70 kilometre Muzaffarabad-Neelam highway is the important feature. Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani has stressed simultaneous implementation and completion of all the development projects of the three districts. He also directed to immediately undertake the establishment of a Medical College and a Cadet College in Muzaffarabad. He also ordered speedy allotment of plots to Mangla Dam affectees and increase in their amount of compensation. Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani announced the resumption of air service by PIA in Muzaffarabad and Rawalakot and speeding up the building of Air Port in Mirpur and Kotli. He also directed starting Helicopter service between Muzaffarabad and Rawalpindi. The Prime Minister assured supply of Sui Gas to Muzaffarabad and desired OGRA to set up its centre in Mirpur on an emergency basis. APP from Islamabad adds:  Gilani on Wednesday stressed the need for addressing risks posed by natural and human induced disasters including terrorism, in order to ensure continuity of economic growth in the country. "We must realise the fact that disasters threaten sustained economic growth of the society and the country," the Prime Minister said while addressing at the opening ceremony of first National Disaster Risk Management Conference at PM Secretariat. The event organised by National Disaster Management Authority to mark the Disaster Awareness Day observed annually after October 2005's catastrophic earthquake struck country's northern areas that killed 73,000 people and left 3.5 million homeless. He said the quake of 2005 caused a loss of over US $5.2 billion, which is staggering when compared to national budget for year 2006-2007 which was about US $ 25 billion. He said the government had to divert precious resources from other development priorities in order to provide relief and response to the disaster survivors. Gilani said through its reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts, the government was committed to building back better what was lost as a consequence of earthquake. He said realising the importance of disaster risk reduction for sustainable social, economic and environmental development, the government had introduced a comprehensive system of disaster management supported by legal and institutional arrangements at federal, provincial and district levels. The PM said the National Disaster Management Ordinance 2007 provides legal cover to the new system, under which the National Disaster Management Commission had been established as the apex policy making and implementing body for disaster risk management. He said the importance being given by the govt to disaster risk management can be well judged from the fact that NDMC is headed by the PM with other key political decision makers including provincial chief ministers, PMAJK, Chief Executive NAs and selected federal ministers being its members. Gilani said the federal government had also notified a National Disaster Management Fund (NDMF) under the NDMA to finance various mitigation projects and other activities in the field of disaster management. "We are committed to allocate reasonable funds to the NDMF to facilitate the implementation of Disaster Risk Management Programmes initiated by the NDMA," he said. The PM said in order to reduce disaster losses, Pakistan needs to strengthen its early warning capacities especially for droughts and flooding which occur frequently and cause high impact. He said early warning systems would need to be developed for cyclones and tsunami that although are low in frequency but could have higher impact. Strengthening of monitoring and analysis capabilities with relation to seismic risks and landslides should also be a priority, he added. He lauded that NDMA had initiated a project for National Risk Assessment and said establishment of an effective countrywide response system had become all the more important in the wake of recent spate of terrorist incidents. Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani urged upon the international community, United Nations and the civil society organisations to become partners in implementation of disaster reduction initiatives in the country. He said NDMA is fully functional at the Prime Minister's Secretariat, as the lead federal agency to implement, coordinate and monitor national policies and strategies on disaster management and to conduct one-window operation in the event of a large-scale disaster under the direct supervision of Prime Minister. He said Provincial Disaster Management Commissions (PDMCs) and District Disaster Management Authorities (DDMAs) had been notified in the four provinces while similar provisions had been made for AJK and Northern Areas. He asked the provincial governments to take urgent steps to make the PDMCs fully operational through allocation of necessary funds, dedicated workforce and other paraphernalia. He expressed satisfaction over NDMA's initiative for the development of a comprehensive National Emergency Response Plan and establishment of National Emergency Operations Centre (NEOC). The Prime Minister also stressed for the involvement of common citizens to reduce the risks to the lives and property of people. Chairman NDMA Lt Gen (r) Farooq Ahmad Khan said disasters pose a great threat to social fabric, and urged the need for an effective management system to reduce its effects. He said NDMA was working on a five-year programme with the help of donors to mitigate the sufferings of the victims of disaster-affected people. He highlighted the need for immediate steps for effective strategies especially in the wake of terror incidents and said the emergency services needed to be revamped at metropolis and district levels. The event was attended by ambassadors, members of donor agencies and NGOs' representatives.