KARACHI - The Sindh government has declared Karachi as one Municipal District, which will run under Mayor in the new local government system enforced through ‘Sindh Peoples Local Government Ordinance 2012’.

According to the ordinance available with The Nation, the government has created five metropolitan corporations.  In the ordinance, it has been clarified that the district of Karachi shall comprise all the five districts of Karachi existing immediately before the commencement of this ordinance for revenue purpose. However, for municipal purpose, the Karachi will be run in one ‘municipal district’ work under the Mayor.  In the municipal services, which to be served by the third tier of government include network of water supply, sanitation, conservancy, removal and disposal of garbage, sewer or storm water, solid or liquid waste, drainage, public toilets, expressways, bridges, flyovers, public roads, streets, footpaths, traffic signals, pavements. Besides lighting, public parks, gardens, arboriculture, landscaping, billboards, hoardings, fire fighting, land use control, zoning, master planning, classification, declassification or reclassification of commercial or residential areas, markets, housing, urban or rural infrastructure, environment and construction, maintenance or development  have been declared as services for the metropolitan and district governments. According to ordinance, the Metropolitan Corporation shall be competent to acquire, hold or transfer any property, movable and immovable, to enter into contract and to sue or be sued in its name, through the Chief Officer of the concerned local council.

In the functions of the Mayors and District Chairmen will be to ensure implementation of the decentralised to the local councils; oversee formulation and execution of the annual development plan, delivery of services and functioning of the local councils; present proposal to the council for approval of budget for fiscal transfers; maintain administrative and financial discipline; present tax proposals to the council and present report on the performance in person to the council at least twice a year.