“We had to participate in the talks by being at the weak position. In every bargaining, Baharat tried its level best to

fulfill its own objectives… But even in such worst circumstances, Pakistan Government remained patient; unlike the

leaders of defeated nation, they depended upon their own self. They refused to accept the news and thoughts of India

that the division of Kashmir be accepted on constitutional and legal manner. We tried to save ourselves from the

pressure of India every time and even at the end of parlays we refused to sign the agreement.”

–Pakistan Foreign Secretary, 1972.

The Simla Pact was the result of resolve of both the countries to “put an end to the conflict and confrontation that have hitherto marred their relations”. It conceived the steps to be taken for further normalization of mutual relations after the 1971 war. The agreement converted the cease-fire line of December 17, 1971 into the Line of Control (LOC) between India and Pakistan and it was agreed that “neither side shall seek to alter it unilaterally, irrespective of mutual differences and legal interpretations”.

The negotiation were hard and India was harsh. The agreement has not prevented the relationship between the two countries from deteriorating to the point of armed conflict, most recently in the Kargil War of 1999. The common historical thread has been that Pakistani politicians have stuck to their guns, and argued on principle, which is more than what can be said of their Indian counterparts.