Tashqand Pact, which Pakistan and India had entered after the 1965 war, has this day completed 43 years. The two countries having fought three wars on Kashmir issue after Mumbai attacks now passing through a new face-off era. Pak-India 1965 war had formally started on September 6, when India had crossed the then international border of West Pakistan. United Nations Security Council on September 22 had approved the unanimous cease-fire resolution, which brought the war to an end. Pakistan and India had signed the historical pact on January 10, 1966 at Tashqand city of the then Soviet Union, currently of Uzbekistan. The agreement envisaged that the forces of both the countries would be withdrawn to their positions of April 5, 1965 and abide by the cease-fire clauses on ceasefire line. The agreement was inked by the then Pakistan President, Ayub Khan and the Indian prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shashtri. These two countries of the sub-continent at wars in 1948, 1965 and 1999 in Kashmir and in 1971 in East Pakistan are now the nuclear powers and passing though a new phase of strife and tension, following Mumbai atrtacks.